Current Affairs of 25 January


Pranab Mukherjee, Nanaji Deshmukh and Dr. Bhupen Hazarika
Pranab Mukherjee, Nanaji Deshmukh and Dr. Bhupen Hazarika
Pranab Mukherjee, Nanaji Deshmukh and Dr. Bhupen Hazarika - On the eve of the 70th Republic Day, former President Pranab Mukherjee, social activist Nanaji Deshmukh and musician Dr. Bhupen Hazarika have been awarded the Bharat Ratna. Mr. Deshmukh and Dr. Hazarika have been bestowed the nation's highest civilian honour posthumously.

Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna - Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award instituted in 1954, is given in recognition of exceptional service, performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for this award. The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular years.

Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah
Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah
Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah - Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah was elected as Malaysia's new king by the members of the country's royal families. He replaced Sultan Muhammad V of Kelantan, who stepped down recently, making it the first abdication in Malaysia's history.

Gallantry Awards
Gallantry Awards
Gallantry Awards - The President approved the award of 411 gallantry and distinguished service medals. These include one Ashoka Chakra, four Kirti Chakra, 11 Shaurya Chakra. Lance Naik Nazir Ahmad Wani has been posthumously awarded Ashok Chakra, India’s highest peace time gallantry award. The Kirti Chakras were awarded to Major Tushar Gauba and posthumously to Sowar Vijay Kumar, Constable Rajendra Kumar Nain and Constable Pradip Kumar Panda.

Param Vishisht Seva Medal
Param Vishisht Seva Medal
Param Vishisht Seva Medal - In a rare gesture, the Chief of the Army Staff, General Bipin Rawat, has been awarded the Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) for distinguished service on the eve of the 70th Republic Day.

Jeevan Raksha Padak Series of Awards
Jeevan Raksha Padak Series of Awards
Jeevan Raksha Padak Series of Awards - The President of India has approved the conferment of Jeevan Raksha Padak Series of Awards – 2018 on 48 people, eight of them posthumously. The Jeevan Raksha Padak series of awards are conferred for the meritorious act of human nature in saving the life of a person. They are given under three categories:
# Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak - Given to 8 people
# Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak - Given to 15 people
# Jeevan Raksha Padak -  Given to 25 people

Cloning of Monkeys
Cloning of Monkeys
Cloning of Monkeys - Scientists in China have cloned five monkeys for human disease research. The research team edited genes of monkeys to induce several human diseases like Alzheimer's claiming that it would help in medical research. This experiment may likely to raise fresh ethical concerns about gene-editing. As per reports, this is the first time multiple clones had been made from a gene-edited monkey for biomedical research.

Tiger Protection Force
Tiger Protection Force
Tiger Protection Force - Telangana government has decided to form a 'State Tiger Protection Force' to save the Big Cat population in the State. The State and Central government will share the cost of the force on 40:60 basis. Fund amount of 2.25 Cr was also sanctioned to protect the tigers and to prevent forest fire accidents.

Norms Relaxed For Under Trial Prisoners
Norms Relaxed For Under Trial Prisoners
Norms Relaxed For Under Trial Prisoners - Home Minister Rajnath Singh has said that the Centre has issued an advisory to release under trial prisoners who have served half of their maximum punishment provided under the law. There are about four lakh prisoners in jails and out of them about half are under trials. 

National Voters' day
National Voters' day
National Voters' day - The 9th National Voters' day was observed across India on January 25, 2019 with an aim to increase enrolment of voters, especially of the newly eligible ones. The theme of the Day is - No Voter to be Left Behind. 25th January is the foundation day of the Election Commission of India (ECI) which came into existence in 1950. 

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code - The Supreme Court upheld the constitutional validity of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC). A Bench headed by Justice R.F. Nariman upheld the constitutional validity of the code “in its entirety”. Insolvency is a situation where an individual or company is unable to repay their outstanding debt to creditors.

India and Maldives Agreed for Cooperation
India and Maldives Agreed for Cooperation
India and Maldives Agreed for Cooperation - India and Maldives have agreed to continue their traditionally close cooperation on issues of maritime security, counter-terrorism and medical cooperation. This was decided during the meeting between Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and her Maldivian counterpart Mariya Ahmed Didi in New Delhi. 
Ronojoy Dutta
Ronojoy Dutta
Ronojoy Dutta  - IndiGo owner InterGlobe Aviation has appointed Ronojoy Dutta as the new Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company with immediate effect for the next five years. 

Voting Rights for Millennials
Voting Rights for Millennials
Voting Rights for Millennials - President Ram Nath Kovind said millennials will be eligible to vote for the first time in the general elections this year. Addressing the gathering on the National Voters' Day celebrations in Delhi, the President said these first-time voters will determine the fate and future of 21st Century India.

Himachal Pradesh Statehood day
Himachal Pradesh Statehood day
Himachal Pradesh Statehood day - Himachal Pradesh is celebrating its 49th full Statehood day on 25. It was on this day in 1971 when Himachal Pradesh was carved out as the 18th State of the country. 

Johan Botha
Johan Botha
Johan Botha - Veteran South African all-rounder Johan Botha has announced his immediate retirement from all forms of cricket. The former cricketer had played for the South African national team between 2005 and 2012.

Krishna Sobti
Krishna Sobti
Krishna Sobti - Eminent Hindi author and poet Krishna Sobti passed away in Delhi. She is a recipient of prestigious awards such as Sahitya Akademi award, Jnanpith and was also offered Padma Bhushan, which she had declined.


Atin Bandyopadhyay
Atin Bandyopadhyay
Atin Bandyopadhyay  - Sahitya Akademi award winning Bengali writer Atin Bandyopadhyay passed away of brain stroke.