Current Affairs of May Month

1.         Subash Chandra Khuntia was appointed as the Chairman of Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI).
2.         Sudha Balakrishnan was appointed as the first Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). She will be the 12th executive director at RBI, and will serve a three-year term.
3.         Shashank Manohar was re-elected as the Independent Chairman of the International Cricket Council (ICC) for his second term. 
4.         Airtel Payments Bank has appointed Anubrata Biswas as its Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer. 
5.         President Ram Nath Kovind presented the 'Santokbaa Humanitarian Award' to Child rights activist and Noble Laureate Kailash Satyarthi and to space scientist A S Kiran Kumar, former Chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
6.         World No Tobacco Day was observed across the world on May 31, 2018. Theme of World No Tobacco Day 2018: ‘Tobacco and heart disease’.
7.         The International Day of UN Peacekeepers was observed across the world on May 29, 2018The theme of the International Day of UN Peacekeepers 2018 was ‘UN Peacekeepers: 70 Years of Service and Sacrifice’.
8.         India singer Zubeen Garg would be honoured with the 'Hero to Animals Award' from People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India for his recent appeal to end animal sacrifice at the Kamakhya Temple in Assam.
9.         Software giant Microsoft has surpassed Google’s parent company Alphabet in market capitalisation for the first time in three years, becoming the third most valuable firm globally after Apple and Amazon.
10.     Pakistan appointed former Chief Justice Nasir Ul Mulk as interim Prime Minister until General Elections that will be held on July 25, 2018.
11.     The main event of 4th International Yoga Day celebrations (IDY-2018) will be held on June 21, 2018 at Dehradun in Uttrakhand.
12.     Sangeeta Bahl, at the age of 53, has become the oldest Indian woman to scale the Mount Everest.
13.     Russian President Vladimir Putin chose to retain Dmitry Medvedev as Prime Minister for his new term. Medvedev has been serving as Russia’s Prime Minister since 2012.
14.     Vladimir Putin was sworn in as the President of Russia for fourth time. With this, Putin will now be serving the office of President for another six years. 
15.     Renowned Gujarati poet Sitanshu Yashaschandra was chosen for the 2017 Saraswati Samman for his collection of verses (poetry) titled ‘Vakhar’.
16.     The 12th informal meeting of SAARC Finance Ministers was held in Manila, the capital of Philippines on the sidelines of the 51st Annual Meeting of Asian Development Bank (ADB).
17.     Mahathir Mohamad was sworn in as the seventh Prime Minister of Malaysia.
18.     Armenia’s parliament elected Nikol Pashinyan as a new prime minister.
19.     Carlos Alvarado was sworn in as the new President of Costa Rica.
20.     External Affairs Minister (EAM) Sushma Swaraj visited to Myanmar. 

21.     Prime Minister Narendra Modi was ranked among the 10 most powerful people in the world in the 2018. Chinese President Xi Jinping tops the list for the first time, replacing Russian President Vladimir Putin, who slipped to 2nd place. US President Donald Trump was ranked third. PM Modi (9th rank) and Mukesh Ambani (32nd rank) are the only two Indians on the Forbes World's Most Powerful People list. 
22.     Global retail giant Walmart formally signed a definitive agreement to acquire 77 percent stake in Flipkart with an investment of around USD 16 billion.
23.     Flipkart co-founder Sachin Bansal announced his exit from the company, after the news of American retailer Walmart acquiring Flipkart.
24.     WhatsApp Co-founder and CEO Jan Koum has announced his resignation from the parent company Facebook. Later Facebook has announced that the company's Vice President of Product Chris Daniels will be taking over Whatsapp.
25.     Minister of Commerce and Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu, attended India- South Africa business summit in Johannesburg, South Africa.
26.     Union Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation, Uma Bharti launched the GOBAR - DHAN (Galvanising Organic Bio-Agro Resources Fund) Scheme at the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) Auditorium, Karnal. 
27.     The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has developed an atomic clock that will be used in navigation satellites to measure precise location data. Till now, the space agency has been importing the atomic clocks for its navigation satellites from the European aerospace manufacturer Astrium. The atomic clock has been developed by Ahmedabad-based Space Applications Centre (SAC).
28.     According to the latest report by Harvard University, India tops the list of the fastest growing economies in the world for the coming decade and is projected to grow at 7.9 per cent annually, ahead of even China and the United States.
29.     The World Press Freedom Day was observed across the world on May 3, 2018 with an aim to celebrate the fundamental principles of press freedom. The theme of 2018 World Press Freedom Day - ‘Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice and The Rule of Law’.
30.     The 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas will be held in the holy city of Varanasi on 9 January 2019. 2019 Pravasi Bharatiya Divas would be inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Mauritian counterpart Pravind Jugnauth. The theme of the 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas will be “Role of Indian Diaspora in building a New India”. The 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas was held in New Delhi.
31.     The World Day for Safety and Health at Work was observed globally on April 28, 2018. Theme of the day is Occupational safety health (OSH) vulnerability of young workers.
32.     The 2018 World Robot Conference will be held in Beijing from August 15 to 19.
33.     The leaders of China, Japan and South Korea met in Tokyo against the backdrop of historic diplomatic moves by North Korea and a push for the isolated country to give up its nuclear weapons. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and South Korean President Moon Jae-in held talks.
34.     The President of United States, Donald Trump announced US withdrawal from the landmark 2015 nuclear deal with Iran. He stated that the United States will be instituting the highest level of economic sanction against Iran and any nation that helps Iran in its quest for nuclear weapons could also be strongly sanctioned by the United States.
35.     UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres announced to hold a climate summit in September 2019 in New York to review the commitments of the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change. 
36.     The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) signed a space act agreement with Uber Technologies to explore concepts and technologies related to Urban Air Mobility (UAM) for future air transportation such as flying cars in populated areas.
37.     India and Guatemala have agreed to support each other’s candidature for Non-Permanent Membership in the United Nations Security Council. Guatemala will support India’s candidature for UNSC membership for 2021-22 while India will do so for Guatemala for 2031-32.
38.     India signed a loan agreement with the World Bank worth USD 200 million for the National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyaan). The PM’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment (POSHAN) Abhiyaan, also known as National Nutrition Mission, was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on March 8, 2018 at Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan.
39.     The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) proposed that all packaged food products containing Genetically Modified (GM) ingredients should clearly state it on their labels.
40.     The India-China border bilateral trade for the year 2018 resumed on May 1, 2018 through the Nathu La border with the exchange of gifts between both the sides. The trade was disrupted in 2017 following the Doklam standoff. 

41.     Indian and French navies conducted final and third phase of Varuna naval exercise 2018 near Reunion Island in Indian Ocean region (IOR). 
42.     The Swedish Academy announced that the Nobel Prize in Literature will be not awarded this year following the sex-abuse allegations. However, the 2018 prize will be given in 2019.
43.     The Ministry of Women and Child Development will hold National Conference of 244 Districts under BetiBachaoBetiPadhao (BBBP) in New Delhi on May 4, 2018.
44.     India is organising a five-day cultural festival in Egypt to commemorate the 157th birth anniversary of Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore on 7th May 2018.
45.     As per the data released by the World Health Organisation (WHO), 14 Indian cities figure in a list of world's 20 most polluted cities in terms of particulate matter PM2.5 levels in 2016. The WHO Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database ranked Kanpur as the most polluted city. The other Indian cities that registered very high levels of PM2.5 pollutants were Faridabad, Varanasi, Gaya, Patna, Delhi, Lucknow, Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur.
46.     Cambridge Analytica, the UK-based data analytics company that was caught in a massive data-harvesting scandal has announced that it would immediately shut its operations. The move comes just two months after the scandal broke out, in which it was revealed that the data analytics company had illegally harvested data of over 87 million Facebook users and used it to manipulate voter behavior in the 2016 US Presidential elections. 
47.     Hockey India appointed Harendra Singh as the chief coach of the Indian men’s hockey team, replacing Sjoerd Marijne who will return back to his responsibility as coach of the Indian Women’s Hockey Team.
48.     The Union Government released the draft of a new Telecom policy - National Digital Communications Policy, 2018. The policy aims to provide broadband coverage with 50 Mbps speed to every citizen, attract USD 100 billion investment in the sector and create 40 lakh new jobs by 2022.
49.     President Ram Nath Kovind presided over the first meeting of the national committee set up for commemoration of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi in 2019. The 114-member committee, comprising Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, former Prime Ministers and Chief Justice of India. The birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi will be commemorated from October 2, 2019 to October 2, 2020.
50.     The Union Government approved green licence plates bearing numbers in white fonts for private electric-vehicles and yellow font for taxis. The government also announced its plan to allow youth of 16-18 years to drive electric scooters. 
51.     As per The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) India is the fifth largest military spender in the world. India spent USD 63.9 billion on its military in 2017, a 5.5 percent increase in the expenditure from 2016. The top 5 military spenders in 2017 were the United States, China, Saudi Arabia, Russia and India.
52.     The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave its approval for extending the investment limit from Rs 7.5 lakhs to Rs 15 lakhs as well as an extension of time limits for subscription from May 4, 2018 to May 31, 2020. The move was undertaken under the Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandan Yojana (PMVVY).  The scheme is being implemented through Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC).  The scheme provides an assured pension based on a guaranteed rate of return of 8% per annum for ten years.
53.     Global consultant AT Kearney released the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Confidence Index 2018. The United States (US) topped the index, followed by Canada at 2nd and Germany at the 3rd place. The index ranked India at 11th spot, three places down from the previous year. 
54.     The 9th India Japan Energy Dialogue was held in New Delhi.
55.     International Labour Day is celebrated across the world on 1st May. The theme of International Labour Day 2018 is “Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement”.
56.     The International Buddhist Conference 2018 concluded in Lumbini, Nepal, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha.
57.     The ‘Vibrant North East 2018', an event in which people would be made aware of central government’s schemes and programmes, was held in Guwahati, Assam.
58.     Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu emplaned for a five-day visit to South America's Guatemala, Peru and Panama.
59.     India would be hosting the 15th Asia Media Summit (AMS-2018) in New Delhi. The theme of this summit is “Telling our Stories Asia and More”.
60.     May 8 is celebrated globally as the World Red Cross Day. World Red Cross Day theme of 2018 is “Memorable smiles from around the world”.

61.     China has successfully launched a hyperspectral imaging satellite 'Gaofen-5' for comprehensive observation of the atmosphere, including air pollution.
62.     India and Panama have signed 2 agreements on the exemption of Visas for holders of Diplomatic and Official Passports and in the field of Agriculture. 
63.     Nisha Bhalla was presented the 'Excellent Woman of Excellence' award for her spiritual service at the recently concluded Annual Women Economic Forum (WEF) 2018 Awards. The event was held in Delhi.
64.     Uttam Pacharne was appointed as the regular Chairman of the Lalit Kala Akademi. 
65.     Polish author Olga Tokarczuk won the Man Booker International Prize 2018 for her novel ‘Flights’, becoming Poland’s first ever writer to win the award. 
66.     Karnataka Chief Minister BS Yeddyurappa announced his resignation from the post on May 19, 2018, barely 48 hours after he was sworn in to the post.
67.     Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi held his first informal Summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin on May 21, 2018 in the city of Sochi, Russia.
68.     The third edition of the United Nations Peacekeeping Course for African Partners (UNPCAP) was inaugurated in New Delhi.
69.     The United States uninvited China from one of the world's largest international maritime warfare exercises. The exercise RIMPAC (Rim of the Pacific) Exercise, held in every two years in Hawaii, involves more than 20 countries from across the world including India, Australia, Japan and the UK. The decision to withdraw the invitation was made mainly due to China’s continued militarisation of the South China Sea.
70.     Joint military exercise SURYA KIRAN-XIII will be conducted between India and Nepal at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand from May 30 to June 12, 2018.  This will be the thirteenth edition of the military exercise between India and Nepal.
71.     Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh commissioned into service the 'Bastariya' battalion of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), in Raipur. The anti-Naxal battalion, created for the first-time has 33 per cent representation of women combatants.
72.     The International Day for Biological Diversity was observed across the world on May 22, 2018 with an aim to raise awareness about the conservation of biodiversity. The theme is ‘Celebrating 25 Years of Action for Biodiversity’.
73.     The World Telecommunication and Information Society Day was observed across the world on May 17, 2018. Theme of the day is Enabling the positive use of Artificial Intelligence for All.
74.     The National Technology Day was observed across India on May 11, 2018. The day is observed to mark the nuclear test that was held in Pokhran on May 11, 1998. The first nuclear test Pokhran with a code named as ‘Smiling Buddha’ was carried out in May, 1974. The theme is “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future”.
75.     Hansa -3, India’s first indigenously designed and produced aircraft took its maiden flight on this day in Bengaluru. The two-seater trainer aircraft was designed and built by National Aerospace Laboratories.
76.     India’s indigenously developed surface-to-surface short range missile Trishul was also test-fired.
77.     The Union Minister for Women and Child Development, Maneka Gandhi presented the prestigious Nari Shakti Puraskar 2017 to the members of the INSV Tarini (Indian Navy Sailing Vessel) team.
78.     India ranked at 44th place in terms of competitiveness in the annual rankings compiled by International Institute for Management Development (IMD). As per the rankings, the US is the most competitive economy, followed by Hong Kong and Singapore in the second and third place.
79.     The 5th India-CLMV (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam) Business Conclave was held at Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 
80.     Kerala will soon inaugurate the world’s largest bird sculpture, Jatayu Earth’s Centre in Thiruvananthapuram. The replica of bird ‘Jatayu’, a character in the Ramayana is 65 feet tall & is positioned right at the top of a rock situated 1000 feet above sea level.

81.     Indian Navy conducted an exercise called Prasthan in the Western Offshore Development area in Mumbai. The exercise is held once in every 6 months and aims at integrating maritime stakeholders including, Navy, Coast Guard, Air Force, ONGC, Customs & Port Trust.
82.     Paytm announced a programme called Paytm AshaKiran, which aims at educating rural women about financial services. Paytm has partnered with United Nations Development Program under its Disha project to mobilize self-help groups and organize workshops.
83.     The World Health Organization declared Nepal as free from Trachoma, the world’s leading infectious cause of blindness. With this, Nepal becomes first country in WHO’s South-East Asia Region to eliminate Trachoma.
84.     US President Donald Trump cancelled the historic Singapore Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, accusing North Korea of ‘tremendous anger and open hostility’. The summit was scheduled to be held on June 12, 2018 in Singapore.
85.     The Union Cabinet approved the ordinance to amend the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC). Homebuyers can now claim money if builder goes bankrupt.
86.     Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited has appointed Pravin L Agrawal as the part-time official director on its board.
87.     Bollywood actor Sushant Singh Rajput would be promoting two major initiatives of NITI Aayog - BHIM app and the Women Entrepreneurship Platform. 
88.     Janta Dal(Secular) leader H D Kumaraswamy was sworn in as the 18th Chief Minister of Karnataka. Karnataka Congress leader G Parameshwara was sworn in as the Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka.
89.     The 'National Convention on Rejuvenation of the Krishna River' was held in Hyderabad, Telangana. The convention was organised by the Indian Water Council (IWC).
90.     The newly re-elected President of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro ordered the expulsion of two top US diplomats in Caracas in retaliation to the new round of US sanctions imposed over Venezuela’s widely-condemned elections.
91.     The first commercial flight to Arunachal Pradesh landed at Pasighat Airport in East Siang district on May 21, 2018 with 25 passengers, including Chief Minister Pema Khandu on board. 
92.     The state of Chhattisgarh would soon be getting a specialised anti-Naxal combat force called the ‘Black Panther’. The force would be set up on the lines of Greyhounds unit, a special force in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
93.     Union Government announces compensation of not less than Rs 1 crore to paramilitary jawan who dies in action.
94.     China launched a relay satellite designed to establish a communication link between earth and a planned lunar probe that will explore the dark side of the moon. China is also planning to launch construction of its own manned space station in 2019.
95.     India successfully test-fired the Indo-Russian joint venture BrahMos supersonic cruise missile at Chandipur in Odisha.
96.     Anil Kumar Jha has been appointed as the Chairman-Cum-Managing director (CMD) of Coal India Limited.
97.     Rajinder Singh has been named as the new President of Hockey India.
98.     After US, Russia and China, India has decided to include Artificial Intelligence in its defence forces with an aim to enhance the operational preparedness of the armed forces. A task force has been set up under the chairmanship of N Chandrasekaran. 
99.     Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro won another six years of term in an election that has been called as a sham by the opposition and other countries including the United States.
100. State Health Department of Kerala has confirmed Nipah virus (NiV) infection for the first time in Kerala with the blood and body fluid samples of two persons who died of viral fever in the past fortnight in Kozhikode district indicating the presence of the zoonotic disease. This is the first time the Nipah virus has been detected in this state which has high fatality rate and spreads mainly through bats, pigs and other animals. 

101. Russia unveiled the world's first floating nuclear power station at a ceremony in the port of the far northern city of Murmansk, where it will be loaded with nuclear fuel before heading to eastern Siberia. Built in Saint Petersburg, the Akademik Lomonosov is constructed by the state nuclear power firm Rosatom.
102. NASA is planning to send a small helicopter to Mars. The Mars helicopter will be bundled with the US space agency’s Mars rover when it launches in 2020.
103. Superstar Amitabh Bachchan has been voted the most engaging Indian actor on Facebook in a new survey. The survey ranked Bachchan (30 million followers) at number one position with 100 points on Facebook, closely followed by Salman Khan with 95 points and Shah Rukh Khan with 68 points.
104. According to the United Nations estimates, Delhi is projected to become the most populous city in the world around 2028. Tokyo is the world’s largest city with population of 37 million inhabitants, followed by New Delhi with 29 million and Shanghai with 26 million. The projected population size of New Delhi in 2028 is about 37.2 million.
105. Guwahati now has India’s first railway station run by solar power.
106. The state government of Gujarat would be launching free treatment scheme for the road accident victims. Under the scheme, the state government will bear medical expenses of up to 50,000 rupees for each victim of a road accident in the state for the first 48 hours.
107. Union Minister of Commerce and Industry Suresh Prabhu launched the Intellectual Property (IP) mascot ‘IP Nani’. The mascot was launched during the conference on National Intellectual Property Rights Policy in New Delhi. On the same occasion, an anti-piracy video featuring Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan was also launched. Mascot IP Nani is a tech-savvy grandmother.
108. Union Minister for Housing and Urban Affairs, Hardeep Puri released the results of the Swacch Surveskshan 2018. Indore in Madhya Pradesh has been declared the cleanest city in India. Madhya Pradesh’s capital Bhopal ranked as India’s second cleanest city for two years in a row. Chandigarh is the third cleanest city. Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh found a special mention as the fastest moving big city for improving its Rank to 36 from Rank 351 in 2017. Jharkhand was declared as the best performing state, followed by Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh. Cleanest State Capital: Greater Mumbai
109. A meeting of stakeholders on Samarth – Scheme for capacity building in textile sector under the Skill India Mission was held in New Delhi.
110. The Bharatiya Janta Party emerged as the single largest party in Karnataka after the final votes were counted on May 15, 2018. The BJP managed to grab 104 seats in the 224 seat assembly, much ahead of the ruling Congress which won 78 and Janta Dal (Secular), which won 37 seats.
111. Union Government initiated action for removal of Allahabad Bank CEO Usha Ananthasubramanian following the release of CBI’s first charge sheet in the USD 2 billion fraud case of PNB. Ananthasubramanian was the MD and CEO of the Punjab National Bank from 2015 to 2017. 
112. The fourth meeting of South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN), an inter-governmental wildlife law enforcement agency, was held in Kolkata, West Bengal (India) from May 8-10, 2018. The two-day conference was attended by representatives of seven (excluding Pakistan) out of eight member countries - Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives.
113. Four states and one union territory signed MoU with the National Health Mission of the Union Government for implementing Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Swasthya Suraksha Mission (PMRSSM) which aims to provide an annual coverage of Rs 5 lakh per family. These states and UTs are Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Chandigarh (UT). These MoUs were signed during Ayushman Bharat Northern Region’s first workshop on PMRSSM at Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.
114. The founder of Sulabh International, Bindeshwar Pathak was honoured with the Nikkei Asia Prize in Japan for his contribution to Asia’s development. 
115. President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 4th edition of Global Exhibition on services in Mumbai.
116. The International Labour Organization (ILO) released its annual flagship report titled ‘World Employment and Social Outlook 2018: Greening with Jobs’. 
117. The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) approved Bharti Airtel’s acquisition of Telenor India. The department has transferred all licences belonging to the Indian unit of Norway-based Telenor to Bharti Airtel. 
118. India and Myanmar have signed 7 agreements during the External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj’s visit to Myanmar. The 7 agreements included one on land border crossing that will enable people from both countries to cross the land border with passport and visa for accessing health and education services.
119. India and Peru have signed an agreement in the field of Renewable Energy at Lima, Peru. The pact was signed in the presence of Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and the Prime Minister Cesar Villanueva Arevalo.
120. Nobel Peace award winner and the founder of Grameen Bank Prof. Muhammad Yunus was conferred with the prestigious KISS Humanitarian Award 2018. KISS Humanitarian Award is an international award given to someone who has made an exceptional contribution to the society in various fields relating to social issues.

121. Taking into account the high Non-Performing Assets (NPAs), the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on May 11, 2018 ordered the Dena Bank Ltd to not to issue any fresh loans and hire any new personnel. The move is a part of the RBI’s prompt corrective action against public sector lender Dena Bank in view of its high non-performing loans. The RBI initiated Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) for Dena Bank in May 2017 and imposed certain restrictions on the bank. The bank’s gross NPAs had hit a high of 22.4 percent, out of the gross advances as on March 31, 2018. The figure was 16.27 percent in 2017.
122. At present, out of 21 state-owned banks, there are 11 banks under the PCA framework of the Reserve Bank because of their weak financials - Allahabad Bank, Bank of India, United Bank of India, Central Bank of India, Corporation Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, IDBI Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, Bank of Maharashtra, Dena Bank and UCO Bank.
123. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Nepalese counterpart KP Sharma Oli on May 11, 2018 jointly flagged-off a direct bus service between the two sacred cities Janakpur and Ayodhya, as part of the ‘Ramayan Circuit’. The Ramayana Circuit is among the thirteen thematic circuits identified for development under Swadesh Darshan Scheme of Union Ministry of Tourism. As per mythological story ‘Ramayana’, Ayodhya is Lord Rama’s birthplace, while, Janakpur is the birthplace of goddess Sita. 
124. India Day was held at the 71st Cannes International Film Festival in France on May 11, 2018 to bring together the French and Indian film industries. 
125. India sent its second relief consignment under Operation Insaniyat to help tens of thousands of displaced Rohingya Muslims in Bangladesh who fled Myanmar following military crackdown in Rakhine state.
126. Indian Army’s month long Vijay Prahar exercise, conducted by South Western Command of Indian Army, concluded in Suratgarh, Rajasthan. The month-long exercise was aimed to orchestrate wide spectrum of threats including Nuclear, Chemical or Biological (NCB) attack.
127. Nepal Government granted licence to Indian government-owned subsidiary Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd (SJVNL) to generate power from a 900-megawatt (MW) Arun-3 Hydropower Project located in eastern Nepal. The project will also provide 21.9 percent or 197 MW of the generated energy free of cost to Nepal. Arun-3 Project is largest capacity project in history of hydroelectricity of Nepal. It is scheduled to be constructed within next five years on Arun river.
128. U.S.-India Aviation Summit held in Mumbai, India.
129. President Ram Nath Kovind visited the Army base camp in Siachen, becoming the second President of India to visit the world’s highest battlefield. The previous visit was undertaken by former president APJ Abdul Kalam in April 2004.
130. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has left on a two day State visit to Nepal. 
131. The Minister of State for Tourism and Minister of State for Electronics and Information Technology, K. J. Alphons attended the Tourism Ministers’ conference by Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in Wuhan, China.
132. The Minister of State for Culture, Dr Mahesh Sharma led the Indian delegation to the 15th Meeting of the Cultural Ministers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Member States held in Sanya, China. India participated for the first time at the Meeting of  Cultural Ministers of the SCO.
133. General Bipin Rawat, Chief of Army the Staff released the book 'Across the Bench - Insight into the Indian Military Judicial System' by Lt Gen Gyan Bhushan.
134. International Nurses Day (IND) is celebrated every year all around the world on 12th of May to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Florence Nightingale. The theme “Nurses A Voice to Lead – Health is a Human right” 
135. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has announced to set up a skill development centre at 'Bharosa,' an integrated support centre for distressed women and children in Hyderabad. 'Bharosa,' an initiative of Hyderabad City Police, is a state-of-the-art centre to support women and children who are victims of violence.
136. Credit rating agency Fitch has stated that India's economic growth will accelerate to 7.3% in the current financial year (2018-19) and 7.5% in the next fiscal (2019-20).
137. A state-run Chinese bank, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) has launched the country's first India-dedicated publicly offered investment fund.
138. In the Cabinet rejig, Piyush Goyal to take additional charge as Finance Minister until Finance Minister Arun Jaitley is under treatment. Smriti Irani to handle only the Ministry of Textiles and Rajvardhan Rathore has been given the charge of Information and Broadcasting Ministry.
139. The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a comprehensive plan to eliminate industrially-produced artificial Transfats from the global food supply by 2023. WHO calls on governments to use the 'REPLACE' action package to eliminate industrially-produced trans-fatty acids from the food supply.
140. The International Day of Families is observed on the 15th of May every year. This year (2018), the theme for the event is ‘Families and inclusive societies’.

141. Former Secretary Department of Defence R&D, Scientific Advisor to Raksha Mantri and Director General, DRDO Dr VK Saraswat was given DRDO Lifetime Achievement Award – 2017.
142. Indian shooter Heena Sidhu clinched the gold medal while P Shri Nivetha settled for bronze in the women's 10m air pistol at the International Shooting Competitions of Hannover (ISCH), in Germany.
143. For the first time, an international rail coach expo, displaying rail coaches and train-sets, has been held in Chennai.
144. The World Telecommunication and Information Society Day was observed across the world on May 17. The theme for WTISD was "Enabling the positive use of Artificial Intelligence for All".
145. Tata Steel, whose bid for debt-ridden Bhushan Steel was approved by National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT), would implement the resolution plan through its step-down subsidiary Bamnipal Steel Ltd. Bamnipal Steel Limited (BNPL), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Tata Steel, will initially subscribe to 72.65% equity share capital of BSL.
146. Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued an advisory to Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and the Lakshadweep archipelago over cyclonic storm ‘SAGAR’.
147. The Union Environment Ministry launched the Green Skill Development Programme (GSDP) with an aim to train over 5.5 lakh workers in environment and forest sectors in the country.
148. Minister of State for External Affairs General VK Singh visits North Korea, the first high-level visit from India in 20 years.
149. BSE Ltd became first Indian exchange to be designated as Designated Offshore Securities Market (DOSM) by United States Securities and Exchange Commission (US-SEC). DOSM status will allow the sale of securities to US investors through the trading venue of BSE without registration of such securities with US SEC. 
150. The U.S India Business Council named Ambika Sharma as its head for India.
151. 71st Cannes Film Festival held in Cannes, France. The top prize -- the Palme d'Or. Kore-eda won by Japanese director Hirokazu Kore-eda. Veteran Bollywood actor Sridevi was honoured with the TITAN Reginald F Lewis Film Icon Award at the ongoing Cannes Film Festival.
152. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is on a day-long visit to Jammu and Kashmir. During his visit, Prime Minister laid down the foundation stone of 'Zojila Tunnel' on the Srinagar-Leh National Highway in Leh. The 14.2-kilometre long Zojila tunnel will be India’s longest road tunnel and Asia’s longest bidirectional tunnel. Prime Minister Modi also dedicated to the nation a 330 MW Kishenganga hydroelectric project from Srinagar.
153. India's Shivangi Pathak has become youngest women of the country to scale Mt Everest from Nepal side. 
154. Prime Minister of The Netherlands, Mark Rutte, will be on a two-day official visit to India.
155. 4th BRICS Environment Ministerial meeting held in Durban, South Africa.
156. India's economy is projected to grow 7.6% in fiscal year 2018-19, remaining the fastest growing economy in the world, according to a United Nations report. 
157. The Anti Terrorism Day is observed on 21 May. The official announcement of National Anti Terrorism Day was made after the assassination of India's seventh Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi on 21 May 1991.
158. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed a penalty of Rs 5 crore on South Indian Bank (SIB) for non-compliance with its directions on Income Recognition and Asset Classification (IRAC) norms, Know Your Customer (KYC) norms and treasury function.
159. Argentina football player Lionel Messi has won the European Golden Shoe for the fifth time.
160. The 71st World Health Assembly was held in Geneva, Switzerland. The Indian Delegation was led by Union Health Minister of India, Mr J P Nadda at World Health Assembly. The Event was held under the theme "Health for All: Commit To Universal Health Coverage". 

161. Indian Air Force Chief Marshal Birendra Singh Dhanoa left to Israel on a four-day tour of the country. In Israel, the Chief of the Air Staff will be attending a conference on ‘Air Superiority as a Bridge to Regional Stability’. The conference is part of the Israel Air Force’s 70th-anniversary celebrations.
162. The Union Finance Ministry has tied up with 40 entities including Flipkart, Swiggy, Patanjali and Amul for extending loans to small entrepreneurs under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY).
163. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina jointly inaugurate Bangladesh Bhawan at Shanti Niketan in West Bengal. The two leaders then paid floral tributes to Rabindra Nath Tagore on 7th May.
164. The Caribbean island of Barbados has elected Mia Mottley as its first female Prime Minister.
165. The 3rd Mission Innovation Ministerial Meeting was held at Malmo, Sweden. The Indian delegation was led by Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Science, Technology and Earth Sciences.
166. Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar launched 'Samagra Shiksha scheme' for school education. Samagra Shiksha is a program that unifies learning from the pre-school to class 12 levels and encapsulates elements of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashtriya Madhyamk Shiksha Abhiyanand teacher education.
167. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Netherlands Prime Minister Mark Rutte, who is in India at PM Modi's invitation held wide-ranging discussions on bilateral and international issues. The Netherlands has become the 64th signatory member of the International Solar Alliance. Netherlands was the fifth largest foreign investor in India.
168. BJP leaders Ganeshi Lal appointed as Governor of Odisha and Kummanam Rajasekharan were appointed as Governors of Mizoram.
169. The International Conference on TRIPS - CBD (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Convention on Biological Diversity) Linkage will be held in Geneva on June 7-8, 2018 to revive WTO discussions on issues related to theft of traditional knowledge.
170. The Trump administration renamed the US Pacific Command to US Indo-Pacific Command (USINDOPACOM), recognising the increasing connectivity between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, 
171. The Union Government signed a $500 million loan agreement with the World Bank to provide additional financing for the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) Rural Roads Project.
172. India signed a loan agreement with the World Bank for IBRD Credit of USD 21.7 million for the strengthening public financial management in Rajasthan Project.
173. Qatar has announced that it would be banning products originating from the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Bahrain, almost a year after the states imposed sanctions on the nation, accusing it of supporting terrorism. 
174. PM Narendra Modi inaugurated India’s first highway to be lit by solar power in Bagpat, Uttar Pradesh. Eastern Peripheral Expressway is 135 km long, stretching from Kundli on NH 1 to Palwal on NH 2. It has been built in a record time of 17 months.
175. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first phase of Delhi-Meerut Expressway. The Delhi-Meerut Expressway would be India’s first 14-lane highway. The project is being built in four segments and is expected to be fully completed by March 2019.
176. India will be attending the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation-Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure Legal Experts meeting which will be held in Islamabad, Pakistan. This will be Pakistan’s first SCO meeting, as the country along with India became a member of the organisation in June 2017.
177. The Union Ministry of Culture introduced a new scheme called ‘SevaBhojYojna’ to reimburse the central share of CGST and IGST on items for food/prasad/langar/bhandara offered free of cost by charitable religious institutions. The scheme has been launched for financial years 2018-19 and 2019-20 with a total outlay of Rs. 325.00 crores.
178. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched three Indian digital payment systems - RuPay, BHIM app and UPI by SBI at the 'Business, Innovation and Community Event' in Singapore. With the launch, India's RuPay digital payments system was linked up with Singapore's Network for Electronic Transfers (NETS). The move will enable RuPay users to make payments at all of NETS acceptance points across Singapore. Whereas, holders of Singapore NETS will be able to make online purchase on any National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI) e-commerce merchant website in India.
179. The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was brought into full effect on May 25, 2018. The new data protection rules clarify individual rights to the personal data collected by companies around the world for targeted advertising and other purposes.
180. Colombia would be formally joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The announcement was made by the country’s President Juan Manuel Santos on May 25, 2018. With the move, Colombia will become the first Latin American nation to be a part of the alliance. It would be joining the bloc as a ‘global partner’, which means it will not necessarily have to take part in any joint military action and will be fully accredited in Brussels. NATO has 29 member courtiers.

181. The first edition of the Global Wind Summit will be hosted by Germany from September 25-28, 2018 at Hamburg. The event will witness participation from over 100 countries including India, China, the US, Spain and Denmark.
182. India will be the host country for celebrations of World Environment Day 2018. The theme for this year is 'Beat Plastic Pollution'. The World Environment Day will be celebrated on 5th of June.
183. Information and Broadcasting Minister Col. Rajyavardhana Rathore launches six-day ASEAN India Film Festival in New Delhi.
184. Queen Maxima of the Kingdom of the Netherlands has arrived in New Delhi on a four-day visit to India.
185. The BCCI and UN Environment signed an agreement to promote ‘green’ Cricket in India. The partnership aims to spread greater awareness about key environmental challenges facing the country, and highlight alternate and more sustainable solutions. 
186. Bhubaneswar (capital city of Odisha) becomes the fourth National data centre of National Informatics Centre (NIC) after Delhi, Hyderabad and Pune. 
187. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has recognised Cochin International Airport Ltd (CIAL) in Kerala as the world’s first fully solar energy-powered airport. CIAL is India’s first airport to be constructed in public-private-partnership (PPP) model in 1999.
188. Prime Minister Narendra Modi embarked on a three-nation visit to Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. 
189. Goa celebrates its Statehood Day as people’s demand for full statehood was attained on 30th May 1987, when Goa became India’s 25th state. 
190. On the first leg of 3-Nation visit, PM Modi has visited Indonesia. India and Indonesia signed 15 MoUs in the fields of defence, scientific and technological cooperation, railways and health, among others. PM Modi and Indonesian President Joko Widodo in a joint statement also agreed to develop further cooperation in maritime sector for "immense stability" in the region.
191. Moody's Investors Service report has cut India's GDP growth forecast to 7.3% in 2018, from the previous forecast of 7.5% due to higher oil prices and tighter financial conditions.
192. Virat Kohli has emerged as the International Cricketer of the Year, International Batsman of the Year Award: Shikhar Dhawan (India),  International Bowler of the Year Award: Trent Boult (New Zealand), Lifetime Achievement Award: Farokh Engineer (India).
193. Yoga guru Baba Ramdev's Patanjali launched a new swadeshi messaging application called 'Kimbho' to compete with WhatsApp.  Kimbho caters to private and group chats with free phone and video calling. The tagline of Kimbho is "Ab Bharat Bolega". Patanjali has recently tied up with Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) to enter the telecom sector by launching Swadeshi Samriddhi SIM cards.
194. Indian Oil Corporation has emerged as India's most profitable state-owned company for the second consecutive year. Indian Oil posted a record profit of Rs 21,346 crore in 2017-18, followed by ONGC, whose profit stood at Rs 19,945 crore. Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries is the most profitable company for the third straight year, posting highest ever profit of Rs 36,075 crore.
195. Infosys has completed the acquisition of WongDoody Holding Company, a US-based digital creative and consumer insights agency, for a total consideration of upto $75 million.
196. Kerala cartoonist Thomas Antony has won an international award, in the best caricature category. Antony is among the nine winners at the 13th edition of the World Press Cartoon awards, instituted by an organisation based in Lisbon, Portugal.
197. Indian star cricketer Yuvraj Singh has been awarded the 'most inspiring icon of the year for Social Welfare' award by the Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival (DPIFF) for his exemplary contribution in the field of social welfare.
198. Former Himachal Pradesh governor and Congress leader Urmila Singh died due to prolonged illness.

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