Current Affairs of October Month

Appointment and Resignation
Mahinda Rajapaksa - Mahinda Rajapaksa was sworn in as the new Prime Minister of Sri Lanka replacing Ranil Wickremesinghe in the office. His appointment took place as Sri Lanka’s President Maithripala Sirisena withdrew support from the Ranil Wickremesinghe coalition government.
Jair Bolsonaro - Jair Bolsonaro was declared as the winner of Brazil’s 2018 Presidential Elections by a wide margin. Bolsonaro swept the election results with 55.1 per cent of the votes cast, as against 44.8 per cent votes of his opponent, Fernando Haddad.
Michael D Higgins - Michael D Higgins has been re-elected as the President of Ireland after receiving 56 per cent of the country's votes in the elections. Businessman Peter Casey came second.
Sahle-Work Zewde - Ethiopia appointed diplomat Sahle-Work Zewde as its first-ever female President. Zewde was appointed by the Ethiopian lawmakers through a unanimous vote.
Ajit Doval - National security advisor Ajit Doval has replaced cabinet secretary as the head of the Strategic Policy Group (SPG) to assist the National Security Council (NSC) in strategising on matters dealing with external, internal and economic security of the country. The Members of the SPG will include Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog, Cabinet Secretary, Chiefs of the three defence services, RBI Governor, Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary, Finance Secretary, and Defence Secretary.
Tushar Mehta - Additional Solicitor General Tushar Mehta has been appointed as the new Solicitor General of India, a post lying vacant for nearly a year after senior advocate Ranjit Kumar stepped down.
Satish Kumar Gupta - The Paytm Payments Bank announced that it has appointed Satish Kumar Gupta as its new Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer.
Gita Gopinath - India-born Gita Gopinath was appointed as the Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), becoming the first woman to hold the position. She has also become the second Indian to hold the position, after former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan.
Vikram Misri - Ambassador of India to Myanmar, Vikram Misri has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to China.
Rakesh Sharma - The government has appointed Rakesh Sharma as managing director and CEO of IDBI Bank for a period of six months. This comes after the tenure of B Sriram who was appointed as the chief executive of IDBI for three months ended in September 2018. 
Nimesh Shah - Nimesh Shah, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund, was elected as the Chairman of Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI).
Shekhar Mande - The government has appointed Shekhar Mande as Director-General of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). 
Priyank Kanoongo - Priyank Kanoongo was appointed as chairman of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights.
Sunil Bhaskaran - Tata Group veteran Sunil Bhaskaran has been appointed as the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of low cost carrier AirAsia India. The airline, jointly owned by Tata Sons and Air Asia Berhad.
Sachin Chaturvedi and Revathy Iyer - The government has appointed Sachin Chaturvedi in place of Nachiket Mor on the central board of the Reserve Bank of India. Revathy Iyer was also nominated to the RBI board. With these appointments, RBI will now have 18 members on its central board, including four deputy governors and the governor.
Asim Munir - Lt. Gen. Asim Munir will be the new chief of Pakistan’s powerful spy agency ISI (Inter-Services Intelligence), the Pakistan Army announced.

Brett Kavanaugh - In USA, President Donald Trump's controversial nominee Brett Kavanaugh was sworn in as the 114th Justice of the Supreme Court. 
Vikram Limaye - The National Stock Exchange’s (NSE) MD and CEO Vikram Limaye has been appointed the chairman of the working committee and director on the board by the international industry body–World Federation of Exchanges (WFE).
Sanjay Verma - Sanjay Verma, a 1990 batch Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer, has been appointed as India’s Ambassador to Spain. 
Pankaj Sharma - Pankaj Sharma has been appointed as the ambassador and India's permanent representative to the United Nations Conference on Disarmament in Geneva.
Barham Salih - Iraq's Parliament has elected a veteran Kurdish Politician Barham Salih as the country's new President. The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan leader Salih won 220 votes out of the 273 lawmakers who attended the parliamentary session.
Shiite Adel Abdul Mahdi - Barham Salih President of Iraq has named Shiite Adel Abdul Mahdi as Prime Minister of the country.
Rangachari Sridharan - The Centre has appointed former IAS officer Rangachari Sridharan as chairperson of the National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA), an entity which will function as an independent regulator for the auditing profession.
Uday Kotak - The government finally intervened in the IL&FS crisis, superseding its board and appointing new members, with banker Uday Kotak as chairman.
Milind Pant - Direct selling company Amway has announced Milind Pant as its CEO. 
Mohd Mushtaque Ahmad - Mohd Mushtaque Ahmad has now been elected as the President of Hockey India. He will take over from outgoing President Rajinder Singh.
MJ Akbar - Union Minister of State for External Affairs, MJ Akbar resigned from his post over sexual harassment charges levelled against him by several women journalists in the wake of #MeToo movement. Akbar's resignation came two days after he filed a criminal defamation complaint in a Delhi’s Patiala House Court against journalist Priya Ramani, who was the first to put #MeToo allegations against Akbar.
Angela Merkel - Germany's Angela Merkel has said she will step down as Chancellor in 2021, following recent election setbacks. 
Nikki Haley - In a sudden move, Indian-American US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley resigned, becoming the latest casualty in the fragile Trump administration just weeks ahead of the crucial mid-term elections.
Chanda Kochhar - The ICCI Bank CEO and MD, Chanda Kochhar quit her position with immediate effect on October 4, 2018. She headed ICICI Bank since May 2009. In June, Kochhar went on a forced leave till the completion of an independent investigation. Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is currently probing into allegations that the ICICI Bank chief's husband Deepak Kochhar's company NuPower Renewables received an investment from a Videocon group company as a quid pro quo for a loan from the bank.
Meng Hongwei - The international police organisation Interpol announced that it has received the resignation of its Chinese chief Meng Hongwei.  Senior Vice President Kim Jong Yang of South Korea has become acting president. Meng was missing since September 25 and Chinese Authority confirmed recently that he is being investigated for suspected breach of law.
Anupam Kher - Anupam Kher resigned as Chairman of the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), citing international film and TV assignments.

Awards and Honours
Nobel Physics Prize - Three scientists won the Nobel Physics Prize, including the first woman to receive the prestigious award in 55 years, for inventing optical lasers that have paved the way for advanced precision instruments used in corrective eye surgery. Arthur Ashkin of the U.S. won one half of the nine million Swedish kronor (about $1.01 million) prize, while Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada shared the other half. Mr. Ashkin, 96, was honoured for his invention of “optical tweezers” that grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their laser beam fingers.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry - The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with one half to Frances H. Arnold, USA “for the directed evolution of enzymes” and the other half jointly to George P. Smith, USA and Sir Gregory P. Winter, UK “for the phage display of peptides and antibodies”. The all three of them harnessed the power of evolution which is revealed through the diversity of life.
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine - The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo “for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation”. 
Noble Prize in Economics - The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2018 to William D. Nordhaus “for integrating climate change into long-run macroeconomic analysis” and Paul M. Romer “for integrating technological innovations into long-run macroeconomic analysis.” 
Nobel Peace Prize - The Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad “for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict”. Denis Mukwege, a physician, has spent large parts of his adult life helping the victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Nadia Murad is a member of the Yazidi minority in northern Iraq. She is one of the 3000 Yazidi girls and women who were victims of rape and other abuses by the Islamic State (IS) army.
UN Champions of The Earth Award - Prime Minister Narendra Modi received the UN Champions of the Earth award, the highest environmental honour of the United Nations. The award was presented by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres at a special ceremony in New Delhi. Prime Minister Modi has been selected in the leadership category for his pioneering work in championing the International Solar Alliance, a global partnership to scale up solar energy. French President Emmanuel Macron was jointly awarded with PM Modi for International Solar Alliance. The award is also in recognition of Modi’s unprecedented pledge to eliminate all single-use plastic in India by 2022.
Man Booker Prize - Irish Author Anna Burns won the Britain's renowned Man Booker Prize 2018 for her third novel 'Milkman'. Burns received the award from Prince Charles' wife Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall, as well as 50000 pounds (USD 65900) as the prize money.
UN Human Rights Prize - Asma Jahangir, late Pakistani human rights activist and lawyer was posthumously announced as one of the winners of the UN Human Rights Prize on October 26, 2018. Jahangir was chosen for the prize along with three other including Rebeca Gyumi of Tanzania, Brazil's first indigenous lawyer Joenia Wapichana and Ireland's human rights organisation Front Line Defenders,
World Agriculture Prize - Agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan will receive the first World Agriculture Prize instituted by the Indian Council of Food and Agriculture (ICFA) in New Delhi. Prof. Swaminathan has been hailed by the United Nations Environment Programme as ‘The Father of Economic Ecology’.
Seoul Peace Prize - The Seoul Peace Prize Committee on October 24, 2018 conferred the 2018 Seoul Peace Prize on Prime Minister Narendra Modi for his contribution to world peace through his economic vision, ‘Modinomics’. The Committee recognised Modi's contributions to the growth of the Indian and global economies.
Gleitsman Award by Harvard University - Nobel Prize Winner Malala Yousafzai will be honoured by Harvard University for her work promoting girls' education. Harvard's Kennedy School said Yousafzai will be conferred with the 2018 Gleitsman Award at a ceremony on December 6.

Carnot Prize - Minister of Railways and Coal Piyush Goyal will receive the University of Pennsylvania’s top prize Carnot Prize in energy policy for his leadership in reforming India’s power sector, spearheading efforts to fast-track electrification of thousands of remote villages and expanding renewable energy in the country. 
Mohammed Zahur Khayyam Hashmi - Veteran composer, lyricist, writer and national award winning music director Mohammed Zahur Khayyam Hashmi, famously known as Khayya, was awarded Hridaynath Award 2018 for Lifetime Achievement. 
Tagore Award for Cultural Harmony - Tagore Award for Cultural Harmony for the years 2014, 2015 & 2016 is being conferred on the doyen of Manipuri dance Sh. Rajkumar Singhajit Singh (For 2014); Chhayanaut (a cultural organization of Bangladesh, for 2015) and on one of India’s greatest sculptors, Sh. Ram Vanji Sutar (for 2016).
Gold Prize of the Future Policy Award - North-eastern state Sikkim won the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO) Future Policy Award 2018 for being the world's first 100 percent organic state. Moreover, Future Policy Award’s Silver Prize 2018 was awarded to the policies from Brazil, Denmark and Quito (Ecuador). All the winners received the awards in a ceremony on October 15, 2018 at FAO headquarters during the celebrations of the World Food Week in Rome.
Wildlife Photographer of the Year - The powerful image of a pair of golden snub-nosed monkeys seated in contemplation amid iridescent foliage has been awarded one of the most prestigious prizes in photography. The image, called "The Golden Couple," was captured by Dutch photographer Marsel van Oosten in the Qinling Mountains of southwestern China – the endangered monkeys’ only habitat. 
Miss Grand International 2018- Miss Paraguay Clara Sosa won the Miss Grand International 2018 title at the 6th edition of the beauty pageant in Yangon, Myanmar. India’s, FBB Colors Femina Miss Grand India 2018 Meenakshi Chaudhary was named 1st runner-up.
Minal Patel Davis - Minal Patel Davis won the US' Presidential Medal for her work against sex slavery and labor exploitation at a White House ceremony attended by President Donald Trump.
Four Peaks Named After Atal Bihari Vajpayee - Four unnamed Himalayan peaks near Gangotri glacier have been named after former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The peaks are located at 6,557, 6,566, 6,160 and 6,100 metres on the right flank of Gangotri glacier. Located near Sudarshan and Saifi peaks in Raktvan valley, the peaks have been named Atal-1, 2, 3 and 4.
Mehar Baba Prize by Indian Air Force - The Indian Air Force has announced India’s first competition in the defence sector, the Mehar Baba Prize. In the wake of floods, cyclones and other natural disasters across the country, the IAF is holding a competition for participants to build a swarm of 50 drones to lead Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations. The IAF will pick up to three winners, each of whom will get Rs 10 lakh in prize money and an opportunity to co-produce a Rs 100 crore order for induction of the drones to the Force.
National Summit on Health - Himachal Pradesh has won an award for the highest annual decline in neonatal mortality rate with a dip of 15.8 per cent in death of babies aged less than four weeks this year. Tamil Nadu and Delhi followed in the second and third spot, respectively. The awards were given away at the 5th National Summit on “Good & Replicable Practices & Innovations in Public HealthCare Systems in India” being held in Kaziranga, Assam.
Awards For Best Performance in Family Planning - The awards for best performance in family planning were given to West Bengal, Chattisgarh and Rajasthan. For best performance in the TB control programme, awards were given to Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh.
Commonwealth Association for Public Administration and Management Award - India won the Commonwealth Association for Public Administration and Management Award (CAPAM) 2018 for an initiative that envisages quality education for all. The initiative entitled ‘Unnayan Banka- Reinventing Education Using Technology of Banka District’, state of Bihar has been awarded under the category ‘Innovation Incubation’.
United Nations Investment Promotion Award - The ‘Invest India’ initiative of the Union Government on October 22, 2018 won the top United Nations Investment Promotion Award in recognition of its efforts to boost investments in the renewable energy sector in India. Invest India is a non-profit venture and official Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency of the Union Government, mandated to facilitate investments in the country.
Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award - Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu presented the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award to eminent jurist and senior advocate at Supreme Court Fali S Nariman. Naidu applauded Nariman’s significant contributions in the field of jurisprudence.
National Award for Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose - A national award in the name of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose will be given every year to police personnel for excellent work in rescue and relief operations during any kind of disaster. The announcement came on the 75th anniversary of Bose's declaration of the formation of India's first independent government- the Azad Hind Government on October 21, 1943. Award will be announced on January 23, Netaji's birthday.
Wildlife Photographer of the Year award - Arshdeep Singh, 10, is among the winners of the 2018 Wildlife Photographer of the Year award in the 10-years-and-under category for his photograph ‘Pipe Owls’, which is of two spotted owlets nested inside a pipe. 
Social Entrepreneur of the Year award - Prema Gopalan, founder of Swayam Shikshan Prayog (SSP), was awarded the 8th Social Entrepreneur of the Year award, 2018, for her work in promoting women’s entrepreneurship at the grassroots and ensuring rural livelihood.
Award Under Saubhagya Scheme - Minister of State for Power and Renewable Energy RK Singh launched an award scheme under the umbrella Saubhagya Scheme, also known as Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana. The Saubhagya award scheme will felicitate the power distribution companies (DISCOMs) and Power Department of the States and their employees for achieving 100 percent household electrification. 
Record 50,000 nominations Received for Padma Awards - Close to 50,000 nominations for Padma Awards were received this year, almost 40 per cent more than those received by the home ministry in 2017. As part of its bid to make the selection for Padma awards more broad-based, the government had made the nomination proces online in 2016.
Deming Prize for 2018 - Indus Towers, world's largest telecom tower company (outside China), won the Deming Prize for 2018, being the first Indian company in the service sector and the fifth in the world to achieve this.
ISSA Good Practice Award - The Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) was awarded the ‘ISSA Good Practice Award’ (ISSA-International Social Security Association) for administrative solution for coverage extension at the ‘Regional Social Security Forum for Asia and the Pacific’ held recently at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The award recognizes the measures taken by ESIC for extension of coverage of the Scheme for Promoting Registration of Employers and Employees (SPREE).
Swachh Survekshan Grameen Awards - Prime Minister Narendra Modi conferred the Swachh Survekshan Grameen Awards 2018 to top ranked states and districts and to states with maximum citizen participation based on the National Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2018. Top 3 States – Haryana, Gujarat and Maharashtra. Top 3 Districts - Satara (Maharashtra), Rewari (Haryana) and Pedapalli (Telangana). Uttar Pradesh was rewarded for maximum citizens’ participation.
Mukesh Ambani - Reliance Industries’ Chairman Mukesh Ambani has emerged as the richest Indian for the 11th consecutive year with a net worth of USD 47.3 billion, according to Forbes magazine. Wipro Chairman Azim Premji has retained the second spot; while ArcelorMittal Chairman and CEO Lakshmi Mittal moved a place ahead to the third slot.
Aung San Suu Kyi - Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi became the first person to be stripped of the honorary Canadian citizenship for her role in gross human rights violations against the Rohingya people. Suu Kyi, the Burmese State Counsellor, has been widely criticised for turning a blind eye to the violence and military crackdown in Myanmar's Rakhine state that forced more than 700000 Rohingya Muslims to seek refuge in Bangladesh, creating one of the world's biggest refugee crisis.
Person on Visit
Antonio Guterres - United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has arrived in New Delhi on a four-day visit to India. He will participate in the Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention in New Delhi. The event marked the launch of Mahatma Gandhi's 150th Birth Anniversary celebrations as well as the 4th anniversary of the Swachh Bharat Mission. The UN Chief will also attend the joint inaugural ceremony of the First Assembly of International Solar Alliance, 2nd RE-INVEST Conference and Energy Ministers Meet of Indian Ocean Rim Association of States member countries.
Vladimir Putin - Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin met on October 4-5 2018 for the 19th Annual Bilateral Summit in New Delhi. Following the Summit, both the sides jointly released the India-Russia Joint Statement. Russian President Vladimir Putin is on a two-day visit to India.
Prime Minister Modi Visited Japan - Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in Tokyo for his two-day visit to Japan for the 13th India-Japan annual summit. The two countries are expected to engage on a range of issues including defence and regional security. PM Modi was hosted by his Japenese counterpart Shinzo Abe at his holiday villa near Lake Kawaguchi in Yamanashi. Shinzo Abe extended full support for Bullet Train in India.
Ranil Wickremesinghe - Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Sri Lankan counterpart Ranil Wickremesinghe held talks ways to deepen the “historically close” relations between the two countries and reviewed the progress of India-assisted development projects in the island nation.
Giuseppe Conte - Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte arrived India. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Italian counterpart agreed to expand bilateral cooperation in areas of defence, trade, energy and infrastructure. Both leaders will also attend the India-Italy Technology Summit which is being organised by the Department of Science and Technology in partnership with the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). 
Indian President Visited Tajikistan - President Ram Nath Kovind has reached Tajikistan on a three-day visit. He had a meeting with his Tajikistan counterpart Emomali Rahmon. On this occasion, both countries signed MoUs in various fields including political relations, strategic research, agriculture, renewable energy, traditional medicine, space technology, youth affairs, Culture and Disaster Management. 
Shinzo Abe Visited in China - Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has arrived in China on a reset visit that is expected to trigger significant collaboration between Tokyo and Beijing in developing infrastructure in Asia. Mr. Abe was accorded a reception, hosted by his Chinese counterpart Li Keqiang, at the Great Hall of the People. The function was held to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the China-Japan treaty of friendship.
Sushma Swaraj Will Visit Qatar and Kuwait - External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj will be on a four-day visit to Qatar and Kuwait. On 28th and 29th October Mrs Swaraj will have engagements in Qatar while on 30th and 31st of October she will be in Kuwait.
Trump has turned down Indian Invitation - US President Donald Trump has turned down the Indian government's invite to visit India on the occasion of Republic Day. Indo-US ties have been under strain lately because of differences over India's defence purchases from Russia and also its oil imports from Iran.
Punjab and Israel Signed MoU - The Punjab government has signed four MoUs with Israeli institutions to address issues of farmers and depleting groundwater level in the state. The MoUs were signed in the presence of Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh who is on Japan’s visit.
Defence Minister Visited France - Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has left for Paris on a three-day visit to France. Ms Sitharaman will hold wide-ranging talks with her French counterpart Florence Parly on ways to deepen strategic cooperation between the two countries. 
External Affairs Minister Visited in Tajikistan - External Affairs Minister (EAM) Sushma Swaraj participated in the 17th Council of Heads of Government, CHG, meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization to be held in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
Nirmala Sitharaman visited Kazakhstan – Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman was on a three-day visit to Astana, Kazakhstan. India and Kazakhstan Defence Cooperation include military-technical cooperation, military education and training, joint military exercises, bilateral exchange of visits and cadet youth exchange programs.
President will Visit Tajikistan - President Ram Nath Kovind will embark on a three-day visit to Tajikistan during which he will hold talks with the top leadership of the country to strengthen India's ties with the Central Asian country.
Person Died
ND Tiwari - Former Uttarakhand Chief Minister ND Tiwari passes away on October 18, 2018. He was the only Indian politician to have served as Chief Minister of two states, Uttar Pradesh and later Uttarakhand. Tiwari also served as Governor of Andhra Pradesh between 2007 and 2009.
Madanlal Khurana - Former Chief Minister of Delhi Madanlal Khurana passed away in Delhi. Khurana served as Delhi’s CM between 1993-96. Khurana was the first CM to serve Delhi after the state legislative assembly was reinstated through the 69th Constitution Amendment Act, 1991. He also served as the Governor of Rajasthan in 2006.
GD Agarwal - Environmental activist GD Agarwal passed away at AIIMS Rishikesh following an indefinite fast demanding cleansing of River Ganga. Agarwal, who took on the name Swami Gyan Swarup Sanand later in his life, began his fast on June 22, demanding steps to stop construction of hydroelectric projects along the river’s tributaries and enact the Ganga Protection Management Act.
Paul Gardner Allen - Paul Gardner Allen, the billionaire co-founder of Microsoft, an investor, entrepreneur and philanthropist, passed away. Paul Allen co-founded Microsoft with his childhood friend Bill Gates in 1975 before becoming a billionaire philanthropist.
Bhola Singh - Two-time Lok Sabha MP from Bihar's Begusarai and eight-time MLA as well as former minister Bhola Singh died after prolonged illness in Delhi.
Annapurna Devi - Legendary musician Annapurna Devi has passed away in Mumbai. Annapurna Devi was an Indian surbahar player of Hindustani classical music and she was the daughter and disciple of Allauddin Khan. She was married to sitar maestro Ravi Shankar.
Osamu Shimomura - Japanese-born Marine biologist Osamu Shimomura, who won the Nobel Prize in chemistry, has died. He shared the 2008 Nobel prize for the discovery and development of a jellyfish protein that contributed to cancer studies.
Nitin Bali - Singer Nitin Bali passed away after succumbing to his injuries in a road accident.
Natwar Thakkar - Eminent Gandhian and Padma Shri awardee Natwar Thakkar, popularly known as Nagaland's Gandhi, died.
Pandit Tulsidas Borkar - Renowned harmonium player Pandit Tulsidas Borkar passed away in Mumbai. He was also a recipient of the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award and Padma Shri award in 2016.
Bala Bhaskar - Renowned violinist Bala Bhaskar, who was critically injured in a road accident last month, died early on October 2, 2018.
Otis Rush - Legendary Chicago blues guitarist Otis Rush, whose passionate, a jazz-influenced sound influenced generations of musicians, has died. Otis Rush won a Grammy for Best Traditional Blues Recording in 1999 for "Any Place I'm Going." Rush was inducted into the Blues Foundation Hall of Fame in 1984. 
Summit / Conference / Festival / Meeting
First Assembly of International Solar Alliance - Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 2, 2018 inaugurated the first Assembly of the International Solar Alliance in New Delhi in the presence of the United Nations’ Secretary General Antonio Guterres. The same event saw the inauguration of the second IORA Renewable Energy Ministerial Meeting and the 2nd Global RE-Invest (Renewable Energy Investors’ Meet and Expo). 
Crucial Meeting of Oil Market Player - Prime Minister Narendra Modi held a crucial meeting with Saudi Arabia Oil Minister Khalid A Al-Falih, oil companies and other key stakeholders to find a resolution to India’s oil problem arising due to the double whammy of rising crude oil prices and falling rupee.
ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting - Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman held a series of bilateral meetings with her counterparts from ASEAN nations and US Defence Secretary James Mattis on the sidelines of ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meet in Singapore. Defence Ministers from ASEAN countries and that of Australia, China, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Russia, and the US have gathered for the 12th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM) and the 5th ADMM-Plus, which is being hosted by Singapore.
G-20 Meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors – 4th G20 Meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors will be held in Bali, Indonesia, on the sidelines of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank annual meetings, and will be chaired by Nicolás Dujovne, Argentine Minister of Finance.
External Affairs Minister Attended Conclave of SCO - External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj arrived in Tajikistan capital Dushanbe to attend a two-day conclave of the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation, which is expected to focus on boosting cooperation in fighting terrorism.
Asia-Europe Meeting - Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu left for Belgium to attend the two-day 12th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) in Brussels. The theme of the ASEM Summit is ‘Global Partners for Global Challenges’. The bi-annual event is considered the highest platform for dialogue and cooperation between Asia and Europe in the areas of trade, investment, security and tourism. 
USA withdraw From Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty - US President Donald Trump confirmed that the United States will pull out of the three-decade-old Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty, which it had signed with Russia during the Cold War. Explaining the decision, Trump alleged that Russia has "violated" the agreement. The INF treaty was signed in December 1987 between the then US President Ronald Reagan and his USSR counterpart Mikhail Gorbachev on the elimination of intermediate-range and shorter-range missiles.
IAEA Fusion Energy Conference - The 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2018) has started in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) fosters the exchange of scientific and technical results in nuclear fusion research and development through its series of Fusion Energy Conferences. 
UNICEF Meeting - India will be the global host of UNICEF’s Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health stakeholders meeting. The Forum will be hosted by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH) this December.
Krishi Kumbha 2018 - Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated Krishi Kumbha 2018 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh through video conferencing. The 3-day long Krishi Kumbh is having Haryana and Jharkhand as partner states and Japan and Israel as partner countries.
Udbhav Utsav - Uzbekistan Ambassador to India Farhod Arziev inaugurated a four-day international dance festival titled "Udbhav Utsav" in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. Dance troupes from Bulgaria, Turkey and Sri Lanka, apart from 25 teams from India, participated in the event.
India Mobile Congress - The second edition of the India Mobile Congress conference is set to kick off from October 25 in New Delhi. The biggest highlight this year will be the 5G telecommunication technology that’s imminent to debut as early as next year in the US first, followed by other countries. The India Mobile Congress is India’s answer to the popular Mobile World Congress conference.
Green Climate Fund - Green Climate Fund, the UN-backed fund has approved more than $1 billion for 19 new projects to help developing countries tackle climate change. The green fund, considered a key vehicle for climate-related development programs, was originally meant to receive over $10 billion from rich countries by 2018.
Guwahati International Film Festival - The second edition of the Guwahati International Film Festival (GIFF 2018) began in Assam. The theme of GIFF 2018 is: ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’. The focus region of GIFF 2018 is the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) region.
North-East Cultural Festival - A five-day North-east cultural festival began in New Delhi Titled 'Experience the North East', the festival depicts the rich cultural diversities of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim. 
WETEX 2018 - The Water, Energy, Technology and Environment Exhibition (WETEX 2018) has begun in Dubai. The exhibition is not only a platform to showcase products of energy, water and the environment but also to launch new technologies and major projects that shape the scene of the energy sector around the world.
International Conference on Health - J P Nadda, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare addressed the ‘Second Plenary Session of ‘2nd International Conference on Primary Health Care (PHC) towards UHC & SDGs’, at Astana, Kazakhstan. The conference aims to renew the commitment to primary health care to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. The theme is The Future of Primary Health Care. 
International Conference on Status and Protection of Coral Reefs - The International Conference on Status and Protection of Coral Reefs (STAPCOR – 2018) was inaugurated by the Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Dr. Harsh Vardhan at Bangaram coral Island of Union Territory of Lakshadweep. The theme of STAPCOR – 2018 was “Reef for Life”.
National Summit on Public Health - The 5th National Summit on Good and Replicable Practices and Innovations in Public Health Care Systems in India began in Kaziranga, Assam on October 30, 2018. The objective of the summit is to share and learn the good practices being implemented by several states and organisations for the betterment of the health sector. 
Global Agriculture Leadership Summit - The Global Agriculture Leadership Summit 2018 opened in New Delhi. The theme of the 2-day summit is, 'Connecting Farmers to Market'.
Global Summit for Pollution - World Health Organisation (WHO) has called health and environment ministers of all countries including India for the first time to devise a strategy to combat pollution and its impact on health. Meeting, slated from October 30 to November 1 in Geneva, is likely to determine ambitious targets for countries.
Summit on Syria - A summit between the leaders of Turkey, France, Germany and Russia will be held in Istanbul this month to discuss the conflict in Syria and efforts for a lasting solution to the war in the Arab country. Russia is a main backer of Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government while Turkey has been helping insurgents trying to remove him from power.
India International Silk Fair - Union Minister of Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani, inaugurated the 6th edition of India International Silk Fair (IISF) in New Delhi. India is the 2nd largest producer of silk in the world. 
Textile Tourism Complex - Minister of State for Textiles, Ajay Tamta has stated that the Ministry will release 7.8 crore rupees for the construction of a textile tourism complex in Nongpoh, Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya.
Goa Maritime Symposium - The 2018 Goa Maritime Symposium was inaugurated by the Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil in Goa. The theme of the seminar this year was “Building Stronger Maritime Partnerships in Indian Ocean Rim (IOR)”.
Goa International Film Festival  - The Goa International Film Festival that will be held in November 2018 will have Jharkhand as a partner state. 
India International Science Festival - India International Science Festival (IISF-2018) concluded in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. IISF was inaugurated by the President Ram Nath Kovind. IISF 2018 also saw two major Guinness World Records being made one of which was a World Record successful attempt to “isolate DNA” by 550 students from class 8th to 10th standard. The theme of IISF-2018 is “Science for Transformation”. 
Annual Meetings of World Bank and IMF - Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group will held at Bali Nusa Dua, Indonesia.
Uttarakhand Investors Summit - Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the two-day business event, ‘Uttarakhand Investors’ Summit’, to attract more investment in the north-Indian hilly states. The state has already received investment worth Rs 75,000 crore as against the expectation of Rs 40,000, Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat said.
Act / Ordinance / Judgment
Bharat Stage VI - The Bharat Stage VI (BS-VI) emission norm would come into force from April 1, 2020 across the country. The Bharat stage emission standards were instituted by the Government to regulate the output of air pollutants from motor vehicles. In 2016, the Union Government decided to switch over to BS-VI grade fuel directly from BS-IV skipping BS-V.
Supreme Court Banned Old Vehicles - The Supreme Court prohibited the plying of 15-year-old petrol and 10-year-old diesel vehicles in the Delhi-NCR. The bench directed the CPCB to immediately create a social media account on which citizens could lodge their complaint about pollution directly, which will be acted upon by the task force responsible for implementation of the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP).
Rafale Case in Supreme Court - The Supreme Court asked the Centre for pricing details of the 36 Rafale fighter jets India is buying from France in a sealed cover within 10 days but agreed that "strategic and confidential" information need not be disclosed. 
No Blanket Ban on Firecracker - Supreme Court ruled that only firecrackers with reduced emission and decibel levels will be permitted during all festivals. The court also ordered a ban on the online sale of firecrackers. On Diwali, people will only be allowed to burn crackers between 8 pm and 10 pm. The time limit for New Year and Christmas has been set from 11:45 pm to 12:15 am. The Supreme Court’s directions apply to all festivals and functions such as marriages. Further, the court has permitted bursting of crackers in only designated community areas in Delhi-NCR identified by Central Pollution Control Board.
Disqualification of 27 AAP MLAs - In a major relief to the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), President Ramnath Kovind has dismissed a plea to disqualify the party’s 27 MLAs for allegedly holding office of profit. The order was signed by the President based on an opinion by the Election Commission that found no merit in the plea.
Disqualification of 18 MLAs of AIADMK - The Madras High Court upheld the disqualification of 18 MLAs of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) loyal to sidelined leader TTV Dinakaran. Court decided to go with the decision taken by the Tamil Nadu Assembly Speaker P Dhanapal on September 18, 2017 to disqualify order of 18 rebel MLAs loyal to AIADMK leader TTV Dinakaran, who formed his own party ‘Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam’ (AMMK).
Cabinet Decision - The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to many agreement -
# MoU with BRICS Nation - Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed among the BRICS Nations on Environmental Cooperation. The MoU was signed during the 10th BRICS Summit in July, 2018 in Johannesburg, South Africa.
# MoU with Singapore - Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between India and Singapore in June, 2018 on the constitution of a Joint Working Group (JWG) on FinTech.
# Indian Institute of Skills - Setting up of Indian Institute of Skills (IISs) at different locations across the country in Public Private Partnership (PPP). It will provide opportunity to the aspiring youth across the country to have access to highly skilled training.
# MoU with BRICS Nation - Approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) among Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa, regarding cooperation in the social and labour sphere. The MoU was signed on August 3, 2018 during BRICS Labour and Employment Ministers (LEM) Meeting.
# Treaty with Malawi - Signing and ratification of the extradition treaty between India and Malawi. The treaty would provide a legal framework for seeking extradition of terrorists, economic offenders and other criminals from and to Malawi.
# MoU with Afghanistan - Signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and Certified Professional Accountants Afghanistan (CPA Afghanistan).  
# Agreement with Taipei - Approved the signing of Bilateral Investment Agreement (BIA) between India Taipei Association (ITA) in Taipei and Taipei Economic and Cultural Center (TECC) in India.
Harit Diwali, Swasth Diwali Campaign - The Union Ministry of Environment has launched Harit Diwali, Swasth Diwali campaign. The campaign was first launched in 2017-18 to encourage school children in Delhi and NCR. The Environment Ministry has initiated the campaign on the similar lines this year but extended it to include pan-India.
Allahabad Renamed as Prayagraj - Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Adityanath had announced that Allahabad name would soon be changed to “Prayagraj”. He had also said that he had got the Governor’s approval for the move.
Ecological Flow in Ganga River - In a first, the Union government has mandated the minimum quantity of water — or ecological flow as it’s called in scientific circles — that various stretches of the Ganga must necessarily have all through the year. The new norms would require hydropower projects located along the river to modify their operations so as to ensure they are in compliance.
Cabinet Approved Closure of National Jute Manufactures Corporation - The Union Cabinet has approved the closure of National Jute Manufactures Corporation Ltd. (NJMC) and its subsidiary Birds Jute & Exports Ltd. (BJEL). 
Cabinet Approved Closure of Biecco Lawrie Limited - Union Cabinet has approved the proposal for closure of the Biecco Lawrie Limited (BLL) including giving Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS)/ Voluntary Separation Scheme (VSS) to the employees of the Company.
Event in News
Statue of Unity - Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 31, 2018 unveiled the bronze statue of India’s first deputy prime minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel at Kevadia on Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujarat's Narmada district. The 'statue of unity' has been constructed on a river island called the Sadhu Bet on the Narmada river. Prime Minister inaugurated the structure on the occasion of Sardar Patel’s 143rd birth anniversary. At 182 metres, the statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel will be the tallest statue in the world. It is built by engineering major Larsen & Toubro Ltd. The Prime Minister also unveiled the ‘Wall of Unity’, a wall created with the earth samples collected from various states across the country.
Election Announced in Five States - The Election Commission announced the polls dates for assembly elections in the state of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Mizoram, Chhattisgarh and Telangana. The elections in all states will be completed by December 7th and the counting of votes will take place on December 11. The election in five states is being held as the assembly session in four states comes to an end by the beginning of 2019, while an early election is being held in Telangana after CM K Chandrashekhar Rao dissolved the assembly last month. Chief Election Commissioner O P Rawat announced that the election in Chhattisgarh will be held in two phases - November 12 and November 20. Madhya Pradesh and Mizoram will go to polls on November 28, while Rajasthan and Telangana will vote on December 7 in a single phase. Bye-elections in Shimoga, Bellary and Mandya in Karnataka will be held on November 03.
Candidates will Advertise Criminal Record - Election Commission plans to implement the Supreme Court direction asking all candidates to advertise their criminal records in the five poll-bound states. The Supreme Court had recently said that candidates contesting polls should repeatedly advertise their criminal antecedents in print and electronic media after filing nomination papers so that the people can make an informed decision.
Facebook Established Task Force for Next Election - Facing the uphill task of tackling election-related interference on its platform as India gets ready for polls next year, Facebook said it is establishing a task force comprising “hundreds of people” in the country to prevent bad actors from abusing its platform. Electoral Bonds From 1 November - The sixth phase of the sale of electoral bonds will begin from 1st November which will continue till 10th November. State Bank of India has been authorised to issue and encash Electoral Bonds through its 29 authorised branches across the country. The Electoral Bonds will be valid for 15 calendar days from the date of issue. Registered political parties that have secured not less than one per cent of the votes polled in the last election to the Lok Sabha or legislative assembly will be eligible to receive electoral bonds.
Train 18 - A 16-coach prototype of Train 18, Indian Railways’ first engine-less train, made its inaugural trial run. Capable of running at a speed of up to 160 kmph, Train 18 is being referred to as a successor to the 30-year-old Shatabdi Express. The fully air-conditioned semi-high speed train has been manufactured under ‘Make in India’ initiative by the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Chennai at the cost of Rs 100 crore and completed in a record 18 months.
Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS) Ready - The much-delayed Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS) has started facilitating online services such as police verification to issue passports, hiring of drivers, tenants and domestic helps, besides registration of complaints of car theft and others. CCTNS is facilitating pan-India search on complete national crime and criminal database that is accessible to investigating officers throughout the country.
CBI Vs CBI - The Central Bureau of Investigation said Alok Kumar Verma, who has been divested of all responsibilities pending an inquiry by the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC), continues to be the agency’s Director. Rakesh Asthana, who too has been stripped of his powers, also remains the Special Director. The clarification came a day before the petitions challenging the October 23 order against Mr. Verma are to come up for a hearing in the Supreme Court.
India's largest Dry Dock - The foundation stone for India's largest Dry Dock will be laid by Union Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari and Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan at Cochin Shipyard in Kerala on October 30, 2018. The Dry Dock will give a major boost to the “Make in India” initiative under Sagarmala and raise India’s share in global shipbuilding to 2 percent which is now 0.66 per cent.
Wifi and 5G Services - The government has freed a set of spectrum in the 5 Ghz band from licensing for providing Wifi and partially 5G services by telecom companies. No licence shall be required under indoor and outdoor environment to establish and maintain in any wireless equipment for the purpose of low power wireless access systems. The 5 Ghz spectrum frequency can be used for short range communications like for coverage within an apartment or shopping centres.
Magisterial Enquiry for Amritsar Tragedy - Punjab Government issued a notification directing Jalandhar Divisional Commissioner Baldeo Purushartha to conduct a magisterial probe into the Amritsar tragedy and fix responsibility within four weeks. At least 300 spectators were present at the Dhobi Ghat ground, barely 2 km from the Amritsar station, when the incident took place. Many of them stood on the tracks close to the Jaura Phatak crossing as the first of the trains, 74643 Jalandhar-Amritsar DMU, ran them over. 61 people were killed and 74 injured in the accident.
Early Election in Jammu and Kashmir - Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satya Pal Malik has favoured holding of early election to the Assembly. The state has been under Governor’s rule since Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) president Mehbooba Mufti resigned as Chief Minister in June following the withdrawal of support by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to her government.
National Police Memorial - Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 21, 2018 dedicated the National Police Memorial to the nation on the occasion of the Police Commemoration Day 2018. The National Police Memorial consists of Central Sculpture (A 30-foot granite pillar), a Wall of Valour and a State of Art Museum dedicated to the memory of the martyred police personnel.
First Railway Station Inside a Tunnel - In a first, Indian Railways is set to build a railway station inside a tunnel close to the Sino-India border, on the strategic Bilaspur-Manali-Leh line, at a reported height of 3,000 metres.  Keylong station in Himachal Pradesh, once completed, will be the first under the Indian Railways network to be built under a tunnel. 
75th anniversary of the Azad Hind government - Prime Minister Narendra Modi has declared that he will be hosting the national flag from the ramparts of Red Fort on Sunday as October 21, 2018 marks the 75th anniversary of the ‘Azad Hind government’ headed by freedom movement icon Subhas Chandra Bose.
India’s First Cruiseliner - Union Minister for Transport, Shipping and Highways Nitin Gadkari will launch the first cruiseliner. The commercial launch of the ship will start from October 24. The cruise will sail from Purple Gate of Princess Docks in Mumbai and dock at Mormugao in south Goa. The 20-year-old vessel Angriya was built in Japan. 
ZEE Entertainment Secured US Patent - ZEE Entertainment Enterprises Ltd. (ZEE) has secured a United States (U.S.) patent on a technology platform built on technologies such as 3D audio, augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), digital scent, holograms and touch. The company aims to offer an immersive experience to the viewers, satisfying all the five senses. The platform developed at its ZEE Media Lab in the Silicon Valley will enable the viewers to touch, feel, smell and experience products, with a seamless transaction (e-commerce) ecosystem.
India Second Largest Market in Solar Power - India installed 4.9 GW of solar power, consolidating its position as the second largest solar market in the world, during the first half of the calendar year 2018, according to a report by Mercom Communications India. According to the report, China topped the list. Adani remained the largest project developer in terms of total cumulative installations and top installer in terms of capacity installed through the end of the first half. 
IFCOO Biggest Cooperative in World - Fertiliser major IFFCO announced that it has been ranked as the biggest cooperative in the world by 'Word Cooperative Monitor' report 2018. 
Aircraft-Like Pressurised Coaches in Railways - The Indian Railways plans to use aircraft-like pressurised coaches in its trains for the Bilaspur-Manali-Leh line along the India-China border, which will be the world’s highest rail track, so that passengers do not have breathing difficulties on board.
Cases Against Elected Representatives - Three northeastern states—Nagaland, Meghalaya and Sikkim are the only states in the country having no pending cases against elected representatives to parliament and assemblies, including former members Three union territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh and Daman and Diu also have zero pendency of such cases. The Supreme Court had asked high courts, state governments and union territories to file details of such cases disposed of within the one-year time frame
First Container Movement on Inland Waterways - The country's first container movement on inland waterways vessel scheduled from Kolkata would start with a consignment of the PepsiCo. Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) officials said PepsiCo would move 16 containers from Kolkata to Varanasi on NW-1. The government is developing NW-1 (River Ganga) under the Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) from Haldia to Varanasi covering a distance of 1390 km with technical and financial assistance of the World Bank at an estimated cost of Rs 5369 crore.
5G Trial by Samsung - Korean firm Samsung said it will conduct field trials for 5G in India during the first quarter of next year. Samsung has partnered with various service providers to roll-out commercial 5G services in two cities in the U.S. and is expected to launch commercial 5G services in Korea later this year.
Main Nahin Hum Portal and Mobile App - Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the 'Main Nahin Hum' portal and mobile application. The 'Main Nahin Hum' portal would work on the theme 'Self4Society'. It will enable IT professionals and organisations to bring together their efforts towards social causes on one platform.
326 Products Registered as Geographical Indictor - According to Government Data, as many as 326 products such as Kancheepuram silk saree, Alphonso Mango, Nagpur Orange and Kolhapuri Chappal have been registered as geographical indications (GI) so far. A GI is primarily an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and industrial goods) originating from a definite geographical territory. Once a product gets the GI tag, no person or company can sell a similar item under that name. The tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
Alphonso Mango got Geographical Indication Tag - Union government has granted Geographical Indication (GI) tag to the Alphonso Mango from Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and other adjoining areas in Maharashtra. A GI is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. 
GI Tag to Shahi Litchi of Muzaffarpur - Shahi Litchi of Muzaffarpur, Bihar has got official recognition as it receives the geographical indication (GI) tag. The GI registration was done in the name of Litchi Growers Association of Bihar, who had applied for the tag. 
Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund - The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave its approval for the creation of a special Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF). The fund size is estimated to be around Rs 7,522 crore.
Vehicle Location Tracking Device and Emergency Button - From January 1, all new transport vehicles such as buses and taxis will have to install vehicle location tracking device and emergency button (VLT) at the time of registration for safety of passengers. The states will notify the deadline for installing these devices in already existing commercial vehicles. Three-wheelers and e-rickshaws don't need to install them.
Birth Anniversary of A P J Abdul Kalam - India remembered former President Dr A P J Abdul Kalam also known as Missile Man of India, on his birth anniversary on October 15, 2018. He served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. 
Dasara and Perform Shastra Puja - Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh will celebrate Dasara and perform ‘shastra puja’ in Bikaner along the India-Pakistan border. This is for the first time a senior Union Minister will conduct ‘shastra puja’ or worship of weapons along the border with Pakistan. 
Museum on Prime Ministers of India - Culture Minister Mahesh Sharma and Housing and Urban Affairs Minister Hardeep Singh Puri laid the foundation stone for Museum on Prime Ministers of India at Teen Murti Estate in New Delhi. The museum will depict modern India through collections relating to Prime Ministers of India, their lives, works and significant contributions made towards nation building.
Air Quality Early Warning System - The Union Environment Minister Harshvardhan unveiled an air quality early warning system for the Delhi region. The system has been designed with the help of American and Finnish models to predict extreme air pollution levels. 
Uniform DL and RC - From next July, new driving licences (DLs) and vehicle registration certificates (RCs) issued by all states and union territories will be uniform in look, colour, design and will have the same security features. The 'smart' DLs and RCs embedded with microchips will have QR codes. They will also be enabled with the near-field communication (NFC) feature, just like that of Metro and ATM cards, so that traffic enforcers with hand-held devices can easily access details stored in the cards.
IRCTC launched Online Help – ‘Ask Disha’ - Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) has launched an all new feature ‘Ask Disha’ on its e-ticketing website,, to cater to your needs. ‘Ask Disha’ can be used by Indian Railways passengers to get their questions answered through the chat bot.
ISRO Tested Cryogenic Engine (CE-20) for GSLV Mk-III - The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) said it has successfully tested the Cryogenic Engine (CE-20) for GSLV Mk-III, which is earmarked for the launch of India’s second moon mission, Chandrayaan-2.
Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel - The Indian Navy inducted its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV) at its base in Mumbai, enhancing its operational capabilities. The second DSRV would be added to its base in Vishakhapatnam by 2019. With the move, India joined a select list of international navies with the ability to search, locate and provide assistance to downed or disaster-struck submarines at high sea.
Railways Will Launch Zero FIR - Soon, passengers on board trains can lodge complain through a mobile app and it will be registered as 'Zero FIR and immediately investigated by the RPF. Zero-FIR means that a FIR can be filed in any police station (i.e.: irrespective of place of incident/jurisdiction) and the same can be later transferred to the appropriate police station.
Environment Pollution Control Authority - EPCA - The Centre has reconstituted Supreme Court - empowered Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority or the EPCA, which is tasked with taking various measures to tackle air pollution in the National Capital Region. Former secretary Bhure Lal continues to be the chairman, while the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) DG Sunita Narain is one of the members. 
Second Generation Ethanol Bio-Refinery - Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL) will complete commissioning of its second generation (2G) ethanol bio-refinery at Baulsingha village in Bargarh district of Odisha by 2020. This is the first biofuel plant in the country where ethanol will be produced from rice straw. 
Penalty on Hyundai Motor India - The Delhi bench of National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) recently passed a decision in the case of Hyundai Motor India Ltd vs CCI, setting aside a fine of Rs 87 crore by Competition Commission of India (CCI) for anti-competitive practices.
Mobile Health Application MedWatch Launched - The Indian Air Force launched an innovative mobile health application called ‘MedWatch’ on October 8, 2018, on the occasion of its 86th anniversary. It was launched by Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa, Chief of the Air Staff.
Rabindranath Tagore Memorial Auditorium - The Rabindranath Tagore Memorial Auditorium built with Indian grant assistance of 30 crore Sri Lankan rupees was dedicated to the people of Sri Lanka in a special function on October 9, 2018.
Tarli Irrigation Project - The Maharashtra government gave administrative approval of Rs 1,610 crore for the Tarli Irrigation Project in the state's Satara district.
Canine Distemper Virus in Gir Sanctuary - Scientists at Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) National Institute of Virology in Pune have found active transmission of the canine distemper virus (CDV) in at least 21 lions of Gujarat’s Gir forest, officials said. As many as 23 lions have died in the Gir sanctuary in less than a month.
Aadhaar Seva Kendras - The UIDAI plans to set up Aadhaar Seva Kendras, similar to the concept of Passport Seva Kendras in 53 cities across India. The proposed Aadhaar centres will be UIDAI’s own – under the authority’s supervision – and will operate in addition to nearly 30,000 centres, currently being run by banks and post offices, and in government premises (offering similar Aadhaar services).
Zika Virus Erupted - A few cases of Zika virus disease were reported at Jaipur in Rajasthan. The outbreak in Jaipur was detected through the Indian Council of Medical Research surveillance system. Symptoms of Zika virus disease are similar to other viral infections such as dengue and include fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise and headache.
Cyclonic Titli - A deep depression over the Bay of Bengal has intensified into a cyclonic storm, Titli, and is moving towards the Odisha-Andhra Pradesh coast, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said while issuing a red alert for Odisha. 
Ghagra River as National Waterway - 40 - Union Minister for Shipping, Road Transport & Highways and Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Nitin Gadkari will lay the foundation stone for the development work of Ghagra River as National Waterway-40 at Basti in Uttar Pradesh. The project is a part of the Sagarmala Programme of the Union Ministry of Shipping. The waterway will stretch from Manjhighat at Ganga-Gaghra river confluence to Faizabad or Ayodhya along Gaghra River for a length of 354 km.
Anti-Terrorist Force - Kavach - Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar announced that the Haryana government will set up an anti-terrorist force (ATF) named ‘Kavach, comprising specially trained recruits from the state police, to deal with present-day security challenges.
Longest Inland Water Transport Movement - In a first, fly ash has reached successfully Pandu Port in Assam via Bangladesh, making the longest haulage in inland water transport movement. The fly ash from NTPC, Bihar was transported by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) to Assam through serpentine routes of rivers and sea via Bangladesh before reaching Pandu port.
Zero-Budget Natural Farming - Andhra Pradesh government has set a goal of achieving 100 per cent zero-budget natural farming (ZBNF) across the state by 2024. ZBNF is set of natural farming methods where cost of growing and harvesting plants is zero. It is a farming practice that believes in natural growth of crops without adding any fertilizers and pesticides or any other foreign elements. Himachal Pradesh is also launched ZBNF.
Redevelopment of Railway Stations - Union Cabinet approved the redevelopment of railway stations through simplified procedures by adopting various business models and issuance of longer lease tenure of up to 99 years. The Indian Railway Stations Development Corporation Limited (IRSDC) will be the nodal agency.
National Institute of Mental Health Rehabilitation (NIMHR) - Union Cabinet approved the establishment of National Institute of Mental Health Rehabilitation (NIMHR) in Sehore District (Bhopal-Sehore highway), in partial modification of the earlier decision taken on May 16, 2018, instead of Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh.
Indore and Bhopal Metro Rail Project - Union Cabinet approved the implementation of Indore and Bhopal Metro Rail Project.
Flood Forecasting and Early Warning System (FFEWS) - Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) launched a Flood Forecasting and Early Warning System (FFEWS) for Kolkata City. It is also India’s first comprehensive city-level FFEWS. Asian Development Bank (ADB) funded the design and implementation of the FFEWS through a $1 million technical assistance to KMC from its Urban Climate Change Resilience Trust Fund under the Urban Financing Partnership Facility. 
Type - 2 Polio Virus - The Union Health Ministry has ordered an inquiry into the type-2 polio virus contamination detected in the vials used for immunisation in Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Telangana, and has ordered additional immunisation in three States. Traces of polio type-2 virus were found in some batches of oral polio vaccine (OPV) manufactured by a Ghaziabad-based pharmaceutical company Biomed Private Limited, even as the firm’s Managing Director (MD) was arrested this past week.
World’s Largest Dome - Vice-President M. Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated the world’s largest dome at the Maharashtra Institute of Technology (MIT)’s World Peace University (MIT-WPU) campus at Loni Kalbhor on the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
Banking and Economic
Fourth Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy - Reserve Bank of India kept the repo rate unchanged at 6.5 percent. RBI lowered its retail inflation projection for the second half of the current fiscal to 3.9-4.5 per cent mainly because of an unusually benign trend in food prices. GDP growth is projected to improve from 6.7% in 2017-18 to 7.4% in 2018-19.
Repo rate – 6.5% (Unchanged)
 Reverse Repo – 6.25% (Unchanged)
Cash Reserve Ratio – 4% (Unchanged)
Statutory Liquidity Ratio – 19.5% (Unchanged)
Bank Rate – 6.75% (Unchanged)
Marginal Standing Facility – 6.75% (Unchanged)
Rift widens between Government and RBI - As the rift widens between the government and the Reserve Bank of India, the Finance Ministry said it has ‘nurtured and respected’ the regulator’s autonomy, without mentioning if it has invoked Section 7 of the RBI Act amid media speculation. Several media reports said that the government has invoked section 7 of the RBI Act, which empowers the central government to issue directions to the Reserve Bank in public interest. 
First Bitcoin ATM in India - First Bitcoin ATM has been launched in the country, a service which exists in many other countries. Cryptocurrency exchange Unocoin has launched an ATM in Bangaluru, which will allow its customers to deposit and withdraw the rupee from the kiosk. 
First Cryptocurrency Kiosk Closed - Two of the four founders of a cryptocurrency exchange, who claimed to have opened India’s first cryptocurrency kiosk in Bengaluru a few weeks ago, have been arrested on charges of fraud and their kiosk has been shut down. Founder CEO of Unocoin Sathwik Vishwanath and co-founder B V Harish were booked on October 23 by the cyber crime police in Bengaluru on charges of fraud. Unocoin founders have claimed that though cryptocurrencies are not legal tender, it is not illegal to transact in them.
Bitcoin in India - Reserve Bank of India had asked all banks and companies regulated by it to terminate any relationship with any firm dealing in cryptocurrencies from July 6 this year. The government, meanwhile, has said that cryptocurrencies are not a legal tender in India. Recently, Argentina installed 30 Bitcoin ATMs as demand for cryptocurrency surged following the depreciation in its currency peso against the US dollar.
IDFC First Bank Ltd - IDFC Bank proposed to change its name to 'IDFC First Bank Ltd' in the wake of its amalgamation with the non-banking financial company Capital First. The proposal now needs the approval of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
Internal Committees For PSB Merger - Bank of Baroda (BoB), Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank on October 24, 2018 decided to constitute internal committees to help integrate the functions of the banks before the merger happens. These committees include committees on credit, human resources (HR) and information technology. The committees will comprise the Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and Executive Directors of all the three banks. 
Third Largest Aviation Market - India will be the third largest aviation market globally a year sooner than was earlier predicted. It is now expected to be among the top three countries by 2024 from its current seventh position, according to global aviation body International Air Transport Association (IATA).
Masala Bond - IFC, International Finance Corporation, the World Bank’s lending arm, has launched its $1 billion masala bond programme in the US and Europe. Masala bonds are rupee-denominated borrowings issued overseas.
PayPay Wallet - Paytm has launched a QR-based smartphone payment settlement service in Japan in collaboration with SoftBank and Yahoo Japan Corporation.  It is a smartphone-based settlement service that allows users to store money from a bank account in their 'PayPay' wallet and make payments with it. 
Mobile App Khushi - Life insurer PNB Metlife has unveiled an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-powered customer service app ‘Khushi’. The app is designed to be a one-stop shop providing insurance-related information, anytime, anywhere, such as policy features, premium due details besides providing fund value and portfolio details.
RBI Issued Guidelines for NBFC - Reserve Bank of India has decided to increase the single-borrower exposure limit of banks for non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) which do not finance infrastructure, to 15% from the existing 10% of their capital funds. This would be effective till December 31. The move must be read in the context of the IL&FS imbroglio-induced liquidity crisis in the system.
Anti-Dumping Duties on Chinese Steel - India has imposed anti-dumping duties of up to USD 185.51 per tonne for five years on certain varieties of Chinese steel to guard domestic players from cheap imports from the neighbouring country. The revenue department imposed the duty based on recommendations of the Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR).
Jobless Growth - Even as India clocked a good growth of 6.7% in the financial year 2018-19, job creation by corporate India dropped to just 3.8%, which can be seen as confirming fears of jobless growth in the country, news agency PTI reported quoting a Care Ratings. The report said that the employment growth of corporate India moderated to 3.8% in FY18 from 4.2% in FY17.
GPF Interest Rate Increased - The government has increased the rate of interest for General Provident Fund (GPF) and other related schemes by 0.4 percentage points to 8 per cent for the October-December quarter. The rate is in line with that for Public Provident Fund. 
Reliance Industries Most Valued Company - Reliance Industries again surpassed IT major TCS to become the country’s most valued firm by market valuation. RIL and TCS are followed by HDFC Bank, ITC  and HUL. 
Penalty on Karur Vysya Bank - The Reserve Bank of India has imposed a penalty of Rs 5 crore on Karur Vysya Bank. Penalty was imposed for non-compliance with its directions on "Income Recognition and Asset Classification (IRAC) norms, reporting of frauds, and on the need for discipline at the time of opening of current accounts". 
Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Ltd - The Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) has launched a probe into the affairs of Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Ltd. (IL&FS), faced with a consolidated debt of about Rs. 91,000 crore and serious liquidity crunch. The crisis unfolded about a month ago when the company defaulted on a short-term loan from the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI). The LIC is the largest shareholder in the company with 25.34% stake.
Sterling Biotech Promoters - Fugitive Economic Offenders - A Delhi court issued notice to Sterling Biotech promoters Sandesara brothers following a Directorate of Enforcement (ED) plea to declare them as “fugitive economic offenders” in connection with the Rs 8,100 crore bank fraud case. Notice issued to the owners of the Gujarat-based pharmaceutical firm — Nitin Sandesara, Chetan Sandesara, Dipti Sandesara and Hitesh Patel.
Liquidity Injection - The Reserve Bank said it would inject Rs. 40,000 crore into the system in November through purchase of government securities as it looks to meet festive season demand for funds. For October, the RBI has already injected Rs. 36,000 crore into the system through open market operations (OMO).
No e-KYC by Telecom Company - The Department of Telecom issued a notification asking all telecom service providers to discontinue the use of Aadhaar e-KYC both for verification as well as for issue new mobile connections. The notification follows the Supreme Court’s September order striking down Section 57 of the Aadhaar Act that allowed private entities to seek Aadhaar data.
NSE Signed Pact With Uttarakhand Government - Leading stock exchange NSE signed a pact with the Uttarakhand government to provide access to capital to MSMEs. The bourse will play an active role in nurturing the SMEs and start-ups by increasing awareness along with the government on the opportunities to raise capital.
Coal India and NLC Signed MoU on Solar Project - Coal India and NLC India (NLCIL), formerly Neyveli Lignite Corporation, will jointly set up 5000 MW of power generation capacity of which 3000 MW would be solar powered while the rest 2000 MW would be coal-fuelled. 
Data Localisation Norm - Finance Minister Arun Jaitley met RBI Deputy Governor B P Kanungo to discuss RBI’s data localisation norm for global financial technology companies. The Reserve Bank in April gave six months time to global payment companies to store transaction data of Indian customers within India. The RBI’s data localisation norms will come into effect from October 15.
Tata Steal Will acquire Usha martin Ltd - After the successful acquisition of Bhushan Steel, Tata Steel’s plan of acquiring steel business of Usha Martin Ltd (UML) got a step closer, with the latter looking to seek shareholders’ approval for the deal. UML said that it will seek shareholders’ nod with regard to the sale of its steel business to Tata Steel.
Supreme Court on Base Rate - The Supreme Court directed the RBI to come up with a decision on a representation that banks are delaying passing on the benefit of lower interest rates to those who have taken loans at floating interest rates.
Reliance Health Insurance - Reliance Health Insurance, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Reliance Capital, has received final approval from IRDAI for its new health insurance business.
Rupee Breached the 74-mark - Rupee breached the 74-mark against the US dollar for the first time, RBI Governor Urjit Patel said that the domestic currency is still better than its emerging market peers. He maintained that the value of rupee is determined by the market forces and the RBI does not have any “target or band” around any particular level of the exchange rate. He said the foreign exchange reserves of USD 400.5 billion as of end September are sufficient to finance 10 months of imports.
Largest UPI payments - Alibaba and SoftBank-backed Paytm registered over 137 million UPI transactions in September, becoming the leading contributor to Unified Payments Interface (UPI) payments with over 33% of the overall market share.
Relief in Petrol and Diesel Price - Price Government announced a total relief of Rs 2.5 per litre on petrol and diesel in collaboration with oil companies. Arun Jaitley said that the government will cut excise duty by Rs 1.5 per litre on petrol and diesel, while oil marketing companies will absorb the loss of Rs 1 per litre. Arun Jaitley also urged the states to provide relief on fuel prices in tandem with central government’s decision so that the consumer gets a total relief of Rs 5 per litre.
RBI Relaxed ECB Norms - Reserve Bank of India relaxed policy on borrowing from overseas to allow state-owned fuel retailers to raise up to USD 10 billion external debt for working capital needs. Till now oil marketing companies were not allowed to raise external commercial borrowing (ECB) for working capital needs on a long-term basis. Now, the RBI has allowed them to raise ECB of minimum maturity of 3 or 5 years. India is 81 per cent dependent on imports to meet its oil needs.
Commodity Trading in BSE - With the unified exchange regime kicking in, BSE became the first equity exchange to unveil its commodity segment with contracts in popular commodities like gold and silver.
International News
Artificial Moon - China is planning to launch its own ‘artificial moon’ by 2020 to replace streetlamps and lower electricity costs in urban areas. Chengdu, a city in southwestern Sichuan province, is developing “illumination satellites” which will shine in tandem with the real moon, but are eight times brighter. The first man-made moon will launch from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan, with three more to follow in 2022 if the first test goes well.
Wing Loong II - China has released a video footage of one of its most powerful unmanned fighting jets, the Wing Loong II. It has the capability to avoid radar detection which makes it almost invisible to detect and can successfully destroy targets with laser-guided missiles. China will be providing 48 of these drones to the Pakistani Air Force.
New Brexit Vote - Hundreds of thousands of supporters of the European Union marched through London 20 October in the biggest demonstration so far to demand that the British government holds a public vote on the terms of Brexit. The protesters waved the blue and gold flag of the EU and held up “Bollocks to Brexit” banners under sunny skies to call for another referendum on the eventual deal on how Britain will leave the world’s biggest trading bloc.
BepiColombo Mission - In a first-of-its-kind mission, a UK-built spacecraft will set off for Mercury to determine whether the plant, which is the closest to the Sun, contains water. The spacecraft will launch from the European Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, on October 20 and will take seven years to reach Mercury, arriving in 2025. 
Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge - The world’s longest sea bridge ‘Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge’ will be open for traffic on October 24, 2018. The 55-kilometer-long bridge is situated in the Lingdingyang waters of the Pearl River Estuary. It will reduce the travel time between Hong Kong and Zhuhai from three hours to just 30 minutes, further integrating the cities in the Pearl River Delta.
Jamal Khashoggi - Saudi Arabia admitted journalist Jamal Khashoggi was killed inside its consulate in the Turkish city of Istanbul. Khashoggi, a columnist for The Washington Post who wrote critically of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's (MBS) rise to power, went missing on October 2, 2018 after entering the consulate in Istanbul.
Annual Meetings of World Bank and IMF - Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group will held at Bali Nusa Dua, Indonesia.
Google+ will be Shut Down - Google will shut down Google+ for consumer use over the next 10 months after a bug exposed the personal data of up to 5 lakh users. Google stated that it discovered and immediately patched the bug in March 2018 but found "no evidence" that any data was actually misused. 
CII and UN signed MoU for Sustainable Development - The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the UN Environment for coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development.  The major activity planned under the agreement includes the #Un-plastic Initiative of the CII and UN Environment that will begin with a ‘Call to Action’, which will include commitments by the industry to take action to curb plastic pollution.
China's Central Bank Cut Reserve Rate - China's central bank said that it was cutting the reserve requirement ratios (RRRs) by one per cent from October 15 which will inject a net $109.2 billion in cash into the banking system, amid a deepening trade war with the US that has increased pressure on growth in the world's second-largest economy.
India and Russia Signed MoU for Gaganyaan - A crucial MoU was signed between the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the Federal Space Agency of Russia ‘ROSCOSMOS’ on joint activities in the field of the human spaceflight programme Gaganyaan. Indian Space research Organisation (ISRO) aims to complete Gaganyaan mission before 2022. In September, the French space agency CNES has announced the creation of an Indo-French working group to facilitate the first Indian human space flight.
Bibaha Panchami - Nepal said that it has decided to invite Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the country on the occasion of ‘Bibaha Panchami’ — the wedding procession of Lord Rama from Ayodhya to Janakpur in Nepal — which falls on December 12. According to the Kathmandu Post, Modi will bring the ‘baraat’ from Ayodhya, the birthplace of Lord Rama to Janakpur where Sita was born.
H-4 visa - Trump administration’s plan to revoke the Obama-era rule that makes spouses of immigrant workers eligible to work in the US could impact over 70,000 Indians living in the United States. The rule grants work permits to H-4 visa holders- who are spouses of professionals holding H-1B visas.
BeiDou-3- China successfully launched twin BeiDou-3 navigation satellites into space to strengthen its satellite navigation network. The satellites were launched from a Long March-3B carrier rocket. The BeiDou system started serving China.
Criminal Records Mandatory for Indian Visa - Foreigners applying for Indian visa will now have to declare their criminal records as a part of India’s new visa format. The decision to introduce such a provision for processing of visa applications of the foreign nationals was taken by the Union Home Ministry following a request from the Women and Child Development (WCD) Ministry.
India Japan Singed Currency Swap Agreement - Prime Minister Narendra Modi has signed $75 billion bilateral currency swap agreement with Japanse counterpart Shinzo Abe. India and Japan signed six agreements, including on a high-speed rail project and naval cooperation, and agreed to hold ‘2+2’ dialogue at the ministerial level. Following talks with Shinzo Abe, PM Modi said Japan investors have announced that they would invest $2.5 billion in India and these partnerships would range from digital to cyberspace, health, defence, ocean to space.
India and Moscow Signed Defence Deal - India and Moscow have signed agreement to buy two stealth frigates for $ 950 mn — Admiral Grigorovich-class (Project 11356) or advanced Talwar-class frigates. These frigates will be more advanced technologically and will be fitted with the naval version of the Indo-Russian BrahMos missile system.
First Joint Maritime Exercises Between China and ASEAN - China and ASEAN nations will hold their first joint maritime exercises in October 2018 in a move aimed at easing tensions in the region. The navies of China and the 10-member ASEAN will hold the exercise in the South China Sea.
Saudi Arabia Helped Cash-Strapped Pakistan - Saudi Arabia will provide Pakistan $3 billion for a year to address the cash-strapped country’s balance-of-payments crisis as Prime Minister Imran Khan met Saudi King Salman in Riyadh. The cash-rich Gulf kingdom has also signed an agreement to provide $3 billion worth of oil to Pakistan on deferred payment. The development came as Prime Minister Khan called on Saudi King Salman on the sidelines of the high-profile Future Investment Initiative forum in Riyadh.
India and Azerbaijan signed MoU on Trade and Economic Cooperation - India and Azerbaijan signed a protocol on trade and economic, science and technology cooperation during the 5th meeting of India-Azerbaijan Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade and Economic, Science and Technology Cooperation (IA-IGC) that was held from October 11-12, 2018 in New Delhi. The meeting was co-chaired by Union Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu and Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources of the Government of Republic of Azerbaijan, Mukhtar Babayev.
World's Largest Airport Terminal - The world's largest airport terminal "under one roof" with a capacity to serve 90 million passengers has been officially opened in Istanbul, which marks the Republic Day of Turkey. 
IBM Acquired Red Hat - America's IBM has acquired software company Red Hat in a $34 billion cash and debt deal, marking its biggest ever acquisition till date. 
SBI and Hitachi Payment Services Signed Agreement - Country's largest lender State Bank of India (SBI) and payments solution provider Hitachi Payment Services India has entered into an agreement to form a joint venture for establishing a card acceptance and digital payment platform.
WhatsApp and CII Signed Agreement - WhatsApp has partnered with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) to train small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and entrepreneurs on using the messaging platform to connect with customers and growing their businesses. 
India and Japan Signed MoU on Yoga and Ayurveda - India and Japan decided to cooperate for the first time in the areas of Indian traditional medicinal systems such as Yoga and Ayurveda to provide holistic healthcare and wellness in both the countries. The Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) was signed during the ongoing Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to Japan.
Sovereign Blue Bond - The Republic of Seychelles launched the world’s first Sovereign Blue Bond, a financial instrument designed to support sustainable marine and fisheries projects. The bond raised USD 15 million from international investors. The World Bank assisted in developing the Blue Bond.
Joint Commission of India and Qatar - India and Qatar established a joint commission to review all bilateral matters, as well as regional and global issues of mutual interest. The decision was taken following a meeting between Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Qatari Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed Bin Abdulrahman Al Thani, during former's visit to Qatar. The commission will be co-chaired by the Ministers of External Affairs and Foreign Affairs of the two countries.
No US Citizenship from Birth - US President Donald Trump plans to end the right to citizenship for the children of non-citizens and unauthorized immigrants born on US soil. Under current laws, anyone born in the United States, including children of non-citizens, and including illegal immigrants, automatically qualify to become an American citizen.
Penalty on Facebook - Britain's Information Commissioner has slapped Facebook with a fine worth 500,000 pounds for its behaviour in the Cambridge Analytica scandal. Investigation found that between 2007 and 2014, Facebook processed the personal information of users unfairly by giving app developers access to their information without informed consent. 
Indian Donation for UN Peacekeeping Mission - India has donated three lakh Dollars for a peacekeeping initiative at the UN. The programme will help develop the capacity of future commanders and managers over a period of three years.
Lion Air Flight Crashed - Lion Air flight of Indonesia carrying 189 passengers crashed into the sea. The flight that took off from Jakarta to the city of Pangkal Pinang off the island of Sumatra crashed into the sea minutes later.
Pakistan’s Manned Space Mission - Pakistan has decided to launch its first manned mission in 2022, the same year that India has planned to launch its own manned space mission. For the mission, an agreement between Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) and a Chinese company has already been signed.
IMF Approved Loan to Argentina - The International Monetary Fund’s executive board approved a $56.3 billion credit line for Argentina. South America’s second-largest economy has been battered by a plunge in its currency, surging inflation and prospects of back-to-back years of recession. 
Indian TV Banned in Pakistan - The Pakistan Supreme Court reinstated the ban on the broadcast of Indian content on television channels in the country, setting aside a July judgement by the Lahore High Court (LHC) which lifted the ban imposed by Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA)
India and Tanzania signed MoUs - India and Tanzania signed two MoUs in presence of External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Tanzanian Foreign Minister Dr. Augustine Mahiga. The agreements were signed following India-Tanzania 9th Session of Joint Commission on Economic, Technical and  Scientific Cooperation in New Delhi. 
Russia and Uzbekistan Working on Nuclear Plant - Russia and Uzbekistan began preliminary work on the first Uzbek nuclear power plant, a project Moscow estimates will cost $11 billion. The plant is to be largely financed by a soft loan from Russia. Russian President Vladimir Putin and Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev pressed a symbolic button together at a ceremony in a conference hall in Tashkent.
Recession in China - China’s third quarter GDP growth slowest in nine years. The GDP expanded by 6.5 per cent in the July-to-September period year-on-year. It’s down from 6.8 per cent and 6.7 per cent in the first and second quarters, respectively.  The latest figures came as China faced rising economic challenges including high debt levels and an intensifying tariff battle with Washington.
India and China will Sign Security Cooperation Agreement - India will sign its first security cooperation agreement with Beijing on October 22. The pact, which focuses on terrorism, narcotics, human trafficking, intelligence sharing and disaster management, will be signed between Zhao Kezhi, China’s Minister of Public Security, and Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh in New Delhi.
India and Sri Lanka Signed MoU on Home Construction - India and Sri Lanka have signed two MoU for construction of 1200 houses through 50 model villages, using Indian grant assistance of 60 crore Srilankan rupees.  With this, India's collaboration with Srilankan government under Model Villages Housing Program stands at 2400 houses in 100 model villages.
Meeting Between North Korea and South Korea - North Korea, South Korea and the US-led United Nations Command on October 16, 2018 began talks on demilitarising a section of the heavily fortified border dividing the peninsula. The first meeting between the South, North and the UNC on disarming the Joint Security Area (JSA) is being held at Panmunjom, North Korea.
Delhi and Moscow Signed MoU - Delhi government signed a twin-city agreement with the government of Moscow for cooperation in various fields like environment, culture and education, for the next 3 years. The agreement was signed by Minister of the Moscow City government and head of its international relations Sergey Cheremin and Delhi Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia. 
Malaysia Abolished Death Penalty - In Malaysia, the cabinet decided to abolish the death penalty. Capital punishment in Malaysia is currently mandatory for murder, kidnapping, possession of firearms and drug trafficking, among other crimes. 
India and Bangladesh signed MoU on Inland Waterways - India and Bangladesh signed agreements for enhancing inland and coastal waterways connectivity for trade and cruise movements. Bangladesh agreed to open its Chattogram and Mongla ports for trade with India. The decisions were taken during the 19th Standing Committee meeting under ‘Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade’ (PIWTT) held at New Delhi. An addendum to ‘Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade between the two countries' has also been signed for the inclusion of Dhubri in India and Pangaon in Bangladesh as the new Ports.
MoU Signed India and Croatia - India and Croatia signed two agreements to strengthen cultural and diplomatic cooperation between the two countries. The agreements were signed following External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj’s meeting with Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Croatia Marija Pejcinovic Burić in New Delhi. 
Microsoft India and NITI Aayog - Microsoft India said it has signed an agreement with NITI Aayog to deploy artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to address challenges in agriculture and healthcare, and promote adoption of local language computing, among others.
India elected to United Nations Human Rights Council - India was elected to the United Nations’ top human rights body for a period of three years beginning January 1, 2019, getting 188 votes in the Asia-Pacific category.
Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution - The World Economic Forum announced its new Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution in India, which would aim to bring together the government and business leaders to pilot emerging technology policies. The centre, which was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, would be based in Maharashtra and it has selected drones, artificial intelligence and blockchain as the first three project areas, the World Economic Forum (WEF) said.
Two Plus Two Dialogue Between India and Australia - India and Australia held the second ‘2+2’ secretary-level dialogue in Canberra during which key issues related to their strategic and defence ties were discussed. Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale and Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra held the Foreign Secretaries and Defence Secretaries dialogue with their Australian counterparts.
India and Lebanon signed MoU on Agriculture - The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Lebanon for cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sectors.
India and Romania signed MoU on Tourism - The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval to the Memorandum of Understanding signed between India and Romania in the field of tourism.  The MoU was signed in September 2018 during the visit of the Vice-President of India to Romania.
India and Finland signed MoU on Environmental Cooperation - The Union Cabinet has approved Memorandum of Cooperation between India and Finland on Environmental Cooperation. 
ADB and India Signed Loan Agreement - Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed a $150 million Loan Agreement in New Delhi to establish a Global Skills Park (GSP) in Madhya Pradesh, the First Multi-Skills Park in India.
India and Russia Signed MoU on Railways - A memorandum of cooperation (MoC) was signed between the Ministry of Railways and joint-stock company Russian Railways on the sidelines of the India-Russia Summit in New Delhi.  It includes the implementation of a speed-upgradation project in the Nagpur-Secunderabad section. It also envisages cooperation between the Russian University of Transport and the National Rail Transportation Institute, Vadodara to jointly organise educational transport seminars.
Eight MoU signed Between India and Russia - Setting Indo-Russian bilateral trade target at $ 30 bn by 2025, the two countries inked eight agreements in various sectors including space cooperation, railways, nuclear cooperation, fertilisers and micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME). Looking at a possible rupee-rouble trade soon, the two are looking at deeper cooperation in the fields of new and renewable energy, nuclear technology and defence, railways and a possibility of joint venture in building civilian aircraft.
India and Kazakhstan signed MoU on Defence Cooperation - During the visit of Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman to Astana, Kazakhstan, India and Kazakhstan agreed to boost defence and military technical cooperation. Both countries successfully conducted a company level joint military exercise ‘KAZIND-2018’ in South Kazakhstan in September 2018. 
United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement - Canada on September 30, 2018 agreed to sign a trade deal with the United States and Mexico, revamping the North American Free Trade Agreement after almost a year of negotiations. The new deal has been named the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).
India and Uzbekistan signed MoU - India and Uzbekistan signed 17 MoUs in various fields including agriculture, Tourism, combating illicit trafficking, health and medical science and pharmaceuticals.   This was decided during the high-level bilateral talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev in New Delhi. 
Earthquake and Tsunami in Indonesia - The death toll from an earthquake and tsunami that decimated parts of the central Indonesian island of Sulawesi jumped to more than 1,200, as disaster officials began reaching coastal areas that were cut off by blocked roads and downed communications lines.
Free Solar Power To International Solar Alliance - Softbank, the biggest investor in many Indian start-ups, has vowed to provide free solar power to International Solar Alliance (ISA), of which India is also a member. Softbank Chief Executive Officer Masayoshi Son has committed to providing free power to all members of the ISA after completion of 25 years of power purchase agreement (PPA) with them.
Scheme / Programme / Policy / Mssion
Ro-Pax ferry service - The 650-crore Ro-Pax ferry service project to connect Saurashtra and Dahej started in Gujarat. The Gogha- Dahej Ro-Pax Ferry service would reduce the travel distance to just 31 km via sea route from 294 km through road between the two places. A ro-ro ferry service for passengers is already operational between Gogha in Saurashtra and Dahej.
Swachhata Hi Seva Campaign - President Ram Nath Kovind on September 18, 2018 launched the logo and the web portal for commemoration of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The logo was obtained through crowd sourcing. The Swachh Bharat Mission will culminate on October 2, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Prime Minister Narendra Modi on September 15, 2018 launched the mega countrywide campaign - Swachhata hi Seva Campaign 2018.
Swachh Bharat Mission - The Union Government on October 2, 2018 launched the Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birth year celebrations, marking the beginning of the final year of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM). Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) on October 2, 2014 with an aim to build a Clean and Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by October 2, 2019.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana - Union Health Minister JP Nadda on October 21, 2018 announced that nearly a month after the roll out of the health insurance scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)’ (Ayushman Bharat), one lakh people have availed of the ambitious programme. The Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana, considered as the world's largest health insurance programme, was launched pan-India by Prime Minister Narendra Modi from Jharkhand on September 23, 2018.
Central Warehouse of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana - The Union Minister of State for Chemicals & Fertilizers, Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurated the hi-tech Central Warehouse of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) at Bilaspur, Gurugram.
Udyam Abhilasha - The Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) launched a National Level Entrepreneurship Awareness Campaign ‘Udyam Abhilasha’ in 115 aspirational districts identified by NITI Aayog on October 2, 2018, on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
Digi Yatra - The Union Minister of Commerce and Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu released the policy on biometric based digital processing of passengers at airports called “Digi Yatra”. Digi Yatra Central Platform will be operational by end of February 2019. Bangalore and Hyderabad International Airports will be ready with pilot implementation by end of February 2019. 
National Policy on Electronics - The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY) released the draft of the National Policy on Electronics 2018, aiming for a turnover of USD 400 billion in domestic electronics manufacturing industry by 2025. The draft policy also aims to promote ease of doing business for the entire Electronic System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector.
Bharat Net project - Bharat Net project aims to bring broadband connectivity to 2.5 lakh gram panchayats in the country.  Government have completed approximately 50% of the project. The work has been completed in nearly 1.25 lakh gram panchayats. The second phase will be completed by March 2019.
Swasth Bharat Yatra - The Union Government launched national campaign ‘Swasth Bharat Yatra’ on occasion of World Food Day to sensitise people about eating safe food and be healthy. The campaign was launched in association with states and led by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
Manali - Rohtang Helicopter Service - The Manali- Rohtang helicopter service was inaugurated by Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur on October 25, 2018. It was started by the state’s Tourism Department with the help of Aryan Aviation.
Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration - The Union Minister of Human Resource Development, Prakash Javadekar launched the web portal of the scheme - “Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC)” in New Delhi. The SPARC scheme aims at improving the research ecosystem of India’s higher educational institutions by facilitating academic and research collaborations between Indian Institutions and the best institutions in the world.
UTS Mobile App - Railways’ UTS mobile app for buying unreserved tickets online will be available nationwide from November 1. While the scheme was started four years ago, it failed to catch on among passengers except in Mumbai. As of now railway has already implemented the scheme in 15 of its zones with the Northereast Frontier Railway and West Central Railway being the remaining two zones.
Special Remission to Prisoners - The Indian states and union territories released over 900 prisoners in the first phase of the centre's scheme for grant of special remission to specific categories of prisoners. The move was undertaken as a part of the commemoration of the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
Short Movie on 12 Heritage Cities - Work done by the government in 12 heritage cities in the last four years will be shown through short movies prepared in coordination with the National Film Development Corporation of India (NFDC). Under the National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY), Ajmer, Amaravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwaraka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni and Warangal have been selected.
PM Modi Inaugurates Projects in Gujarat - PM Modi Inaugurates Various Projects in Gujarat - Amul chocolate plant set up with an investment of about Rs. 190 crore, Mujkuva Solar Energy Cooperative Group, Mahatma Gandhi Museum in Rajkot, Mundra LNG terminal, the Anjar-Mundra Pipeline Project and the Palanpur-Pali-Barmer pipeline project, at Anjar.
Defence / Exercise / Space
S-400 Triumf missile system - India and Russia signed a USD 5.43 billion deal for India to procure the S-400 Triumf missile system from Russia. The system is expected to be delivered by 2020.  The S-400 is a surface-to-air missile system that can take down enemies' aircraft in the sky. S-400 is capable of destroying hostile bombers, jets, missiles and drones at a range of 380 km and can engage up to 36 targets at a time and simultaneously launch 72 missiles. This missile system was manufactured by Almaz-Antey and has been in service in Russia since 2007.
Agni-1 Test Fired - A night trial of India's indigenously developed nuclear-capable Agni-1 ballistic missile, with a strike range of 700 kilometre was successfully conducted from a test range off Odisha coast as part of a user trial by the Army, defence sources said. The launch of the surface-to-surface missile was undertaken as a part of periodic training activity by the strategic forces command (SFC) from Abdul Kalam island to consolidate operational readiness.
Prithvi-II Missile Test Fired - India's Strategic Force Command successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile during night time as part of a user trial by the Army from a test range in Odisha. The surface-to-surface missile, which has a strike range of 350 km, was launched from a mobile launcher.
Astra Test Fired - Indian Air Force (IAF) successfully undertook series of flight trials of Astra Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVR-AAM) from September 26 to October 3, 2018. The tests were conducted at Integrated Test Range (ITR), Balasore, Odisha. Its Range is 20 Kilometer.  These tests make missile ready for induction in service in 2019.
Barak-8 Long Range Surface to Air Missile - Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has signed a $777 mn deal with Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) to supply additional Barak-8 Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LRSAM) systems for seven warships of the Indian Navy. The LRSAM can intercept aerial targets up to a range of 80 km. It is being co-developed by the DRDO in India and IAI, and will be manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Limited. The total orders for LRSAM systems have crossed over $6 billion.
Cope India Air Exercise - India, Japan and the U.S. are set to elevate the bilateral ‘Cope India’ air exercise to a trilateral format. The three countries already conduct naval war games under the expanded Malabar naval exercise. The next edition is scheduled to be held in December in India.
Joint Army Exercise Hand-In-Hand - India and China will resume the annual joint Army exercise ‘Hand-in-Hand’ in December in China’s Chengdu region. The drill was cancelled last year due to tense relations in the aftermath of the Doklam standoff.
DHARMA GUARDIAN-2018 - For the first time ever in an effort to promote military cooperation, India and Japan will hold joint military exercise ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN-2018’ involving the Indian Army and Japan Ground Self Defence Force in Mizoram, India next month. To hold these exercises the decision was taken last year during the annual India-Japan annual summit in India, 2017.
Japan-India Maritime Exercise - JIMEX 18- The third edition of Japan-India Maritime Exercise - JIMEX 18, began at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. 
Operation Samudra Maitri - India launched ‘Operation Samudra Maitri’ to assist victims of earthquake and tsunami in Sulawesi Province of Indonesia. Two Indian Air Force (IAF) aircraft C-130J, C-17 and three Indian Naval Ships – INS Tir, INS Sujatha, and INS Shardul were mobilised to carry out disaster relief.
IBSAMAR - Joint Multi-National Maritime Exercise - The sixth edition of IBSAMAR, a joint Multi-National Maritime Exercise between the Indian, Brazilian and South African Navies, is being held at Simons Town, South Africa.
Feihong-98 - A Chinese company has tested the 'world's largest' cargo drone Feihong-98 (FH-98) which can carry a payload of 1.5 tonnes (1,500kg). 
Soyuz-2.1B Rocket - Soyuz-2.1B rocket was successfully launched carrying a satellite for the Russian military from Russia's northern Plesetsk launch pad.
Sukhoi-30 MKI Overhauled Indigenously - In an important development for the fighter aircraft squadrons of the country, the first indigenously overhauled Sukhoi-30 MKI frontline fighter jet was handed over by the Base Repair Depot (BRD) in Ojhar to the Indian Air Force. It will be deployed with the Air Force base in Pune.
ICGS Varuna - Anil Ambani- promoted Reliance Naval and Engineering Ltd (RNAVAL) launched a 3500 tonne ship ICGS Varuna for the Indian Coast Guard which will impart basic sea training to the under trainee officers of both the Coast Guard and Indian Navy.
SCO Meeting of Disaster Management - India will host 10th meeting of Heads of Departments of disaster prevention of SCO member states. The National Disaster Response Force is hosting the preparatory meeting for the “Joint mock exercise on urban earthquake search and rescue” to be held next year in India. 
NATO's Biggest Military Maneuvers - NATO's biggest military maneuvers began in Norway. Russia, which shares a border with Norway, was briefed by NATO on the Trident Juncture 2018 drill and invited to monitor it, but Moscow is still angered by the exercise. The wargames bring together all 29 NATO allies, plus partners Finland and Sweden. 
Druzhba-III - A contingent of the Russian Army arrived in Pakistan to participate in joint training exercise ‘Druzhba-III’. This will be the third joint military drill between Islamabad and Moscow under the bilateral training cooperation agreement. Russia and Pakistan have been holding the “Friendship” drills since 2016. 
Clear Sky 2018 - Ukraine began a series of large-scale air force exercises with the United States and other NATO countries. The "Clear Sky 2018" war games are being held in western Ukraine.
Ghauri Missile Tested - Pakistan has successfully test-fired Ghauri ballistic missile capable of carrying both conventional and nuclear warheads up to a distance of 1,300 kilometres. 
Sahyog HOP TAC-2018 - A Vietnam Coast Guard ship, on its maiden visit to Chennai, undertook joint exercises with the Indian Coast Guard 'Sahyog HOP TAC-2018', off the city coast aimed at strengthening the working level relationship between them.
Committee / Report / Index / Ranking
Group of Ministers on #MeToo - A Group of Ministers (GoM), headed by Home Minister Rajnath Singh, has been constituted by the government to strengthen the legal and institutional frameworks to deal with and prevent sexual harassment at the workplace. The members of the GoM are Road Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi. The GoM has been set up in the wake of #MeToo movement where several women have publicly named people who had allegedly harassed them at their workplace.
World Bank Ease of Doing Business index - India has jumped 23 places to secure 77th Rank out of 190 countries on the World Bank Ease of Doing Business index on the back many business-friendly reforms, with the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC). It was ranked 100 last year. World Bank said India improved on six of the 10 parameters relating to starting and doing business in a country. New Zealand, Singapore and Denmark secured the first three ranks in the 190-country list, while Afghanistan made a huge progress among South-Asian countries besides India.
Global Passport Index - The Indian passport was ranked 66th in the world in the latest ranking of the Global Passport Index. The ranking was based on the passports’ visa-free score. The ranking of Indian passport, granting its holders visa-free access to 66 countries. Singapore and Germany have the world’s “most powerful” passport with access to 165 countries.
Global Competitiveness Report - The World Economic Forum (WEF) released the Global Competitiveness Report 2018. India was ranked as the 58th most competitive economy out of 140 countries with a score of 62.0 on the Global Competitiveness Index 2018. India jumped five spots from 2017. United States topped the list with a score of 85.6, followed by Singapore and Germany at the second and the third positions respectively.
Global Hunger Index - As per the index, India was ranked 103rd out of 119 qualifying countries. The Global Hunger Index 2018 report was prepared jointly by global NGOs namely, Concern Worldwide (Ireland) and Welthungerhilfe (Germany). Belarus topped the list.
Human Capital Index - India rejected the findings of the World Bank's report on Human Capital Index (HCI) which placed the country at the 115th position, lower than Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Bangladesh. Singapore topped the list. The World Bank, in its first report on HCI, ranked 157 economies on parameters like child mortality, health and education.
Committee For Doubling Farmers Income - A committee of governors set up by President Ram Nath Kovind submitted a report on approach to agriculture for doubling the income of farmers in the country. Committee headed by Uttar Pradesh Governor Ram Naik, has made 21 major recommendations.
IMF Published World Economic Outlook Report - India is projected to grow at 7.3 per cent in 2018 and 7.4 per cent next year, the IMF said, predicting that the country will regain the tag of the world’s fastest growing major economy this year, surpassing China with more than 0.7 percentage points.
Consumer Confidence Survey by RBI - It seems that the Narendra Modi - led government failed to inject confidence in common people in the country as they don’t think that there are enough jobs or the Indian economy is doing really well. Reserve Bank of India’s latest Consumer Confidence Survey, which reflects expectations and perceptions of households in country on the overall price situation, employment situation, their own income and spending and general economic condition, showed.
Competition Law Review Committee - Government has constituted a Competition Law Review Committee to review the Competition Act 2002. The Committee will be headed by Injeti Srinivas, Secretary of the Union Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
Rural Development Ministry Survey - Kuligod in Karnataka’s Belagavi district is the country’s best developed village, but more than a third of the gram panchayats ranked in the top 10 are in Andhra Pradesh, according to the findings of an ongoing Rural Development Ministry survey.
Crorepati Increasing - The number of taxpayers earning above Rs 1 crore per annum has risen to over 1.40 lakh in the country in the last four years, depicting a growth of about 60 per cent, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) said.
Millionaires Increasing in India- India is getting richer with the number of millionaires is increasing. During the last 12 months to mid-2018, India created a whopping 7,300 more millionaires, taking the total household wealth to $6 trillion and the total number of millionaires in the country to 3.43 lakh, according to Credit Suisse’s Global Wealth Report 2018. Wealth per adult in India remained flat at $7,020 (about Rs 515,970), as against the wealth per adult in China at $47,810 (Rs 35.14 lakh), which is comparatively quite higher. Globally, Switzerland is the richest nation in the world when it comes to wealth per adult with $530,240, followed by Australia ($411,060).
Asian Economic Integration Report 2018 - Most of the international migrants in 2017 were from India, followed by China and Bangladesh, according to an Asian Development Bank (ADB) report titled 'Asian Economic Integration Report 2018'. As per the report, one-third of international migrants were from Asia in 2017.  India had the most outward migrants in 2017 (17 million), followed by China (10 million) and Bangladesh (7.5 million). 
Inequality Index developed by Oxfam - India fared poorly, ranking 147 out of 157 countries, in term of commitment to reduce inequality, while Denmark topped the list. Nigeria, Singapore, India and Argentina are among a group of governments that are fuelling inequality.
Ranking in E – Payment - According to an international survey, India's overall ranking on the government's adoption of e-payments has moved up to 28th in 2018, from 36th in 2011. Norway leads the pack in the 73-country ranking, followed by France and Denmark. 
Books and Authors
Paradoxical Prime Minister - Ex-Prime Minister Manmohan Singh released Shashi Tharoor's book on Modi named The Paradoxical Prime Minister.
Brief Answers to the Big Questions - Stephen Hawking’s final work “Brief Answers to the Big Questions” was launched. It tackles various issues including the existence of God, potential time travel and human intelligence during the next 100 years.
Lalu Leela - BJP leader and Bihar Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Modi has claimed in his new book, “Lalu Leela”.
Building a Legacy - Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu released a biography of late Anumolu Ramakrishna, a pioneer in Indian construction sector. The biography titled 'Building a Legacy' is authored by Chartered Accountant V Pattabhi Ram.
Important Days
United Nations Day - The United Nations Day was observed across the world on October 24, 2018, marking the 73rd anniversary of the UN Charter’s entry into force.
United Nations Day Concert - The 2018 United Nations Day Concert was held in the General Assembly Hall at United Nations Headquarters in New York. Sarod maestro Amjad Ali Khan performed in the event. The theme of this year’s concert, which is sponsored by the Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations, is “Traditions of Peace and Non-violence”. 
International Day of Non-Violence - The International Day of Non-Violence was observed across the world on October 2, 2018, on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
Rashtriya Ekta Diwas - India observed Rashtriya Ekta Diwas, also known as National Unity Day, on October 31, 2018 to commemorate the 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Iron Man of India. On this occasion, Home Minister Rajnath Singh flagged off the ‘Run for Unity’ from Major Dhyanchand Stadium. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman also flagged off the 'Run for Unity' in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. 
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty - The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty was observed across the world on October 17, 2018. This year's theme of the day is 'coming together with those furthest behind to build an inclusive world of universal respect for human rights and dignity.'
World Food Day - World Food Day, held annually on the 16 October, is dedicated to tackle the problem of global hunger. The theme for the year 2018 is “Our Actions Are Our Future”.
International Day of Older Persons - The International Day of Older Persons was observed across the world on October 1, 2018. The day’s theme this year is, 'Celebrating Older Human Rights champions'.
Mahila Kisan Diwas - Mahila Kisan Diwas was celebrated on October 15, 2018 to increase the active participation of women in agriculture. 
International Day of Rural Women - The International Day of Rural Women was observed globally on October 15, 2018 with the theme, “Sustainable infrastructure, services and social protection for gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls”.
International Day for Disaster Reduction - The International Day for Disaster Reduction was observed across the world on October 13, 2018 to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction. The theme is ‘Reducing Disaster Economic Losses’.
World Egg Day - The World Egg Day was observed across the world on October 12, 2018. The day’s 2018 theme is “Protein for Life”. 
International Day of the Girl Child - The International Day of the Girl Child was observed across the world on October 11, 2018. The Theme is ‘With Her: A Skilled GirlForce’.
World Food Day - The World Food Day was observed globally on October 16, 2018. The theme is ‘Our actions are our future – A zero hunger world by 2030 is possible’.
World Teachers’ Day - World Teachers’ Day is celebrated globally on 5th October. The theme is “The right to education means the right to a qualified teacher”.
World Development Information Day - United Nation General Assembly observed World Development Information Day on 24 October to draw the attention of the world to development problems and the need to strengthen international cooperation to solve them.
World Mental Health Day - The World Mental Health Day was observed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) on October 10, 2018 with an aim to raise awareness of mental health issues. The theme is ‘Young People and Mental Health in a Changing World’. 
World Post Day - The World Post Day was observed across the world on October 9, 2018, thus, marking the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union in 1874 in the Swiss Capital, Bern.
Air Force Day - The Indian Air Force on October 8, 2018 celebrated 86th Air Force Day with an aim to pay rich tribute to the untiring efforts and supreme sacrifice made by veterans.
World Animal Day - World Animal Day is celebrated at various parts of the world on 4th October to raise the status of animals in order to improve welfare standards around the globe. 
World Habitat Day - The World Habitat Day was observed across the world on October 1, 2018, that is the first Monday of October 2018. The 2018 Theme of the Day was Municipal Solid Waste Management.
World Heart Day - World Heart Day takes place on 29th September every year.
Vigilance Awareness Week - The Vigilance Awareness Week will be observed across the country from October 29, 2018 to promote probity in public life and achieve a corruption-free society. The theme of the week this year is, 'Eradicate Corruption - Build a New India'. 
Sports News
Virat Kohli - Virat Kohli broke the world record of the fastest 10,000 one-day international runs, needing only 205 innings to get to the mark. He surpassed the record held by Sachin Tendulkar, who achieved the feat in 259 innings.
Wrestling World Championships - Indian wrestler Pooja Dhanda won a bronze medal in the women's freestyle 57kg weight class at the Wrestling World Championships, held in Budapest, Hungary. Earlier on October 22, Bajrang Punia had to settle for silver after losing to Japan's Takuto Otoguro in the 65kg category. 
World Billiards Championship - India’s Sourav Kothari defeated Peter Gilchrist of Singapore to clinch the 2018 WBL World Billiards Championship title.
Asian Para Games - Javelin thrower Sandeep Chaudhary produced a stunning world record effort as India bagged 11 medals, including three gold, at the Asian Para Games in Jakarta, Indonesia. Javelin thrower Sandeep Chaudhary clinched India's first gold of the Games in the men's category before middle distance runner Raju Rakshitha in women's 1500 meters and swimmer Jadhav Suyash Narayan in men's 50-meter butterfly added the yellow metals later on the second day of competitions. 
Asian Para Games - India on October 13, 2018 concluded its campaign at the 2018 Asian Para Games in Jakarta, Indonesia with a record medal haul, winning a total of 72 medals that included 15 gold, 24 silver and 33 bronze medals. India was placed ninth in the overall tally. China finished at the top with 319 medals including 172 gold, 88 silver and 59 bronze, followed by South Korea at the second place with 53 gold, 25 silver and 47 bronze and then Iran with 51 gold, 42 silver and 43 bronze.
North East Olympic Games - Thokchom Radheshyam, president of Manipur Olympic Association, said that the state is all set to host the first North East Olympic Games (NEOG) in Imphal from October 24.
Asian Champions Trophy - India and Pakistan’s men’s hockey teams were on October 29, 2018 declared joint winners of the Asian Champions Trophy, which was held in Muscat, Oman. The tournament director declared both teams as winners after the summit clash was called off due to heavy rain. 
Youth Olympics in Argentina - Weightlifter Jeremy Lalrinnunga won India’s first-ever gold medal at Youth Olympics in Argentina's capital Buenos Aires. This is India's fourth medal in Buenos Aires with Shahu Tushar Mane, Mehuli Ghosh and Tababi Devi Thangjam winning silver medals in shooting and judo, respectively. India’s Manu Bhaker also rediscovered her form by shooting 236.5 to finish at the top with the gold medal in the women's 10m air pistol event.
36th National Games - The 36th National Games in Goa will be held from March 30 to April 14 next year. Shooting and cycling events will be held in New Delhi. Rugby, Wushu, Modern Pentathlon, Lawn Bowl, and Billiards and Snooker will be added to the Games programme.
Under-19 Asia Cup - India clinched the Under-19 Asia Cup, beating Sri Lanka by 144 runs in the final in Dhaka, Bangladesh. This is India’s sixth title in seven editions of the U-19 continental tournament, after failing to win it last year when Afghanistan clinched the trophy. 
Stadium for Differently-abled Persons - The Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Thaawarchand Gehlot, announced that a stadium of international standard for differently-abled persons will be set up in Meghalaya.
Vijay Hazare Trophy - Mumbai has defeated Delhi by four wickets to win their third Vijay Hazare Trophy title at M Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bengaluru.
Praveen Kumar - Former India fast bowler Praveen Kumar has retired from all forms of international cricket. 
World Wrestling Championship - World Wrestling Championship has begun in Budapest, Hungary.
Canelo Alvarez - Professional Boxer Canelo Alvarez has signed the largest contract in the history of sports, agreeing a five-year, 11-fight deal worth at least $365 million with streaming service DAZN. 
Suraj Panwar - Suraj Panwar won India's first medal in athletics at the Youth Olympic Games 2018 after claiming the silver medal in the men's 5000m race walk event Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Sultan of Johor Cup - In Hockey, Great Britain lifted the 2018 Sultan of Johor Cup.  In Johor Bahru, Malaysia, Great Britain defeated India in the final.
Santo Domingo Open Trophy - Indian tennis legend Leander Paes has won his second Challenger-level title of the season, lifting the Santo Domingo Open trophy with partner Miguel Angel Reyyes-Varela.
Hazratullah Zazai - Hazratullah Zazai, who has played for Afghanistan so far, has made his presence felt by hitting six sixes in an over during the ongoing Afghanistan Premier League at the Sharjah Cricket Stadium.
2022 Youth Games in Senegal - The International Olympics Committee (IOC) has picked its first African host of any Olympics, formally awarding the 2022 Youth Games to Senegal. 
Saurabh Chaudhary - Pistol shooter Saurabh Chaudhary bagged the Gold Medal in the 10-metre air pistol event in the ongoing Youth Olympic Games in Argentina. 
Harvinder Singh - Archer Harvinder Singh clinched seventh gold for India in the men's individual recurve category, 
Manu Bhaker - Manu Bhaker became the first shooter from India to claim a gold medal at the Youth Olympic Games taking place in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Asian Yoga Sports Championship - The 8th Asian Yoga Sports Championship was organised by Asian Yoga Federation in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala from September 27, 2018. The event was formally inaugurated by Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan.
Asian Junior Individual Squash Championship - Yuvraj Wadhwani has won the 25th Asian junior individual squash championship title. He defeated Anas Ali Shah of Pakistan in the final in Chennai. 
Manu Bhaker - Teenage shooting star Manu Bhaker was named as the flag-bearer of the Indian contingent for the 3rd Youth Olympic Games to be held in Buenos Aires, Argentina from October 6-18.
Mile Jedinak - Australian midfielder Mile Jedinak announced his retirement from international football.
Igor Akinfeev - Russia goalkeeper Igor Akinfeev has also retired from international soccer.